A novel nuclear localization region in SIPA1 determines protein nuclear distribution and epirubicin-sensitivity of breast cancer cells

Ying Ma, Jun Weng, Ning Wang, Yilei Zhang, Nagahiro Minato, Li Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Signal-induced proliferation-associated protein 1 (SIPA1) is highly expressed and mainly located in the nucleus in some breast cancer cell lines and clinical tumor tissues. Previous study revealed that nuclear localization of SIPA1 is functionally involved in breast cancer metastasis in the lymphatic gland. In the current study, we identified a non-typical region (140-179aa) of SIPA1 as a novel nuclear localization region (NLR) which is crucial for translocating the proteins into the nucleus in HEK293 cells and breast cancer cells. This region contained one basic amino acid, His160, and had no common features of typical nuclear localization signals. In addition, overexpressing SIPA1 without NLR could suppress breast cancer cell proliferation but could not promote cell migration in MCF7 cells. Furthermore, we found that a high expression of SIPA1 upregulated the expression of ABCB1, encoding multi-drug resistance protein MDR1, and promoted the resistance to epirubicin in breast cancer cells, while this effect was largely abolished in the cells with the expression of NLR-deleted SIPA1. This study overall, identified a nuclear localization-dependent region determining the nuclear distribution of SIPA1 and its regulation on epirubicin-sensitivity in breast cancer cells, which could be a potential drug target to facilitate the development of breast cancer chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)718-728
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume180
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

Keywords

  • ABCB1
  • Breast cancer
  • Chemotherapy
  • Nuclear localization
  • SIPA1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Energy(all)

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