BACKGROUND: A pilot phase II study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Japanese intermittent regimen of capecitabine (Xeloda) in patients with advanced or recurrent breast cancer. METHODS: A total of 23 patients who had received no more than one prior chemotherapy regimen received oral 828 mg/m2 capecitabine twice daily for 3 weeks followed by a 1-week rest period. The response to capecitabine was evaluated in 22 patients (one patient ineligible). RESULTS: The overall response rate was 45.5% (95% CI, 24.4-67.8%), including 1 complete response (4.5%) and 9 patients with partial response (40.9%). A further 7 patients (31.8%) had stable disease. The median duration of response was 7.2 months (range, 3.0-15.8 months) and the median time to progression was 6.4 months (95% CI, 4.1-15.1 months). Treatment-related adverse events >or= grade 3 were observed in 7 patients (30.1%). CONCLUSION: Intermittent capecitabine therapy (828 mg/m(2) twice daily for 3 weeks followed by a 1-week rest period) was shown to be effective and well tolerated as second-line treatment for advanced or recurrent breast cancer. The Japanese regimen is worthy of further study in larger numbers of patients in phase II / III clinical trials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Pharmacology (medical)