A real-time respiration position based passive breath gating equipment for gated radiotherapy: A preclinical evaluation

Weigang Hu, Anjie Xu, Guichao Li, Zhen Zhang, Dave Housley, Jinsong Ye

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Scopus citations


    Purpose: To develop a passive gating system incorporating with the real-time position management (RPM) system for the gated radiotherapy. Methods: Passive breath gating (PBG) equipment, which consists of a breath-hold valve, a controller mechanism, a mouthpiece kit, and a supporting frame, was designed. A commercial real-time positioning management system was implemented to synchronize the target motion and radiation delivery on a linear accelerator with the patient's breathing cycle. The respiratory related target motion was investigated by using the RPM system for correlating the external markers with the internal target motion while using PBG for passively blocking patient's breathing. Six patients were enrolled in the preclinical feasibility and efficiency study of the PBG system. Results: PBG equipment was designed and fabricated. The PBG can be manually triggered or released to block or unblock patient's breathing. A clinical workflow was outlined to integrate the PBG with the RPM system. After implementing the RPM based PBG system, the breath-hold period can be prolonged to 15-25 s and the treatment delivery efficiency for each field can be improved by 200-400. The results from the six patients showed that the diaphragm motion caused by respiration was reduced to less than 3 mm and the position of the diaphragm was reproducible for difference gating periods. Conclusions: A RPM based PBG system was developed and implemented. With the new gating system, the patient's breath-hold time can be extended and a significant improvement in the treatment delivery efficiency can also be achieved.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1345-1350
    Number of pages6
    JournalMedical physics
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - Mar 2012


    • breath-hold
    • gating
    • respiration position management

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biophysics
    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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