ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Staging and Follow-up of Vulvar Cancer

Expert Panel on GYN and OB Imaging

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Vulvar cancer is an uncommon gynecologic tumor and one of several human papillomavirus-associated malignancies. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most prevalent histologic subtype of vulvar cancer, accounting for the majority of cases. Imaging plays an important role in managing vulvar cancer. At initial diagnosis, imaging is useful to assess the size and extent of primary tumor and to evaluate the status of inguinofemoral lymph nodes. If recurrent disease is suspected, imaging is essential to demonstrate local extent of tumor and to identify lymph node and distant metastases. In this publication, we summarize the recent literature and describe the panel's recommendations about the appropriate use of imaging for various phases of patient management including initial staging, surveillance, and restaging of vulvar cancer. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S212-S228
JournalJACR Journal of the American College of Radiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021


  • AUC
  • Appropriate Use Criteria
  • Appropriateness Criteria
  • Imaging
  • Inguinofemoral lymphadenopathy
  • Recurrence
  • Sentinel lymph node
  • Staging
  • Vulvar cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Medicine(all)

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