Activation of polyamine catabolism by N1, N11-diethylnorspermine alters the cellular localization of mTOR and downregulates mTOR protein level in glioblastoma cells

Rongcai Jiang, Woonyoung Choi, Limei Hu, Eugene W. Gerner, Stanley R. Hamilton, Wei Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

N1, N11-Diethylnorspermine (DENSPM) is a spermine analog and prototype anti-cancer drug that depletes cellular polyamine, increases cellular oxidative stress through the generation of H 2O2 and induces the death of multiple types of cancer cells. However, the survival pathways perturbed by DENSPM are uncertain. To identify these pathways, we examined a series of proteins in the phosphoinositide 3-kinase /AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/AKT/mTOR) pathways in glioblastoma cell lines before and after treatment with DENSPM. We found that DENSPM did not change the protein levels of PI3K but did reduce the levels of AKT, phosphorylated AKT, mTOR, phosphorylated mTOR, p70S6K, phosphorylated p70S6K, 4E-BP1, phosphorylated 4E-BP1 and eIF-4B proteins. From this it appears that DENSPM directly targets the mTOR protein level in these glioblastoma cells by inhibiting mTOR-mediated protein synthesis. Immunofluorescence analysis of mTOR showed that DENSPM sequestered mTOR in the perinuclear region of the cells. We also detected a marked collapse of microtubules in U87 cells and a detachment of cells in a process resembling anoikis. We further showed that the levels of many proteins regulating cell growth and cell adhesion were downregulated, suggesting a broad effect of DENSPM on mTOR-mediated protein synthesis. We conclude that the activation of polyamine catabolism alters the cellular location of mTOR, thus negatively affecting mTOR-mediated protein synthesis and leading to the death of glioblastoma cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1644-1648
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2007

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Keywords

  • DENSPM
  • Glioblastoma
  • Polyamine
  • mTOR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

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