According to the Revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, the majority of bone metastases are considered to be nonmeasurable disease. Traditional response criteria rely on physical measurements. New criteria would be valuable if they incorporated newly developed imaging features in order to provide a more comprehensive assessment of oncological status. Advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences such as diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) with dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) perfusion imaging are reviewed in the context of the initial and post-therapeutic assessment of musculoskeletal tumors. Particular attention is directed to the pseudoprogression phenomenon in which a successfully treated tumor enlarges from the pretherapeutic baseline, followed by regression without a change in therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging