Airway disease in hematologic malignancies

Ricardo J. José, Burton F. Dickey, Ajay Sheshadri

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Introduction: Hematologic malignancies are cancers of the blood, bone marrow and lymph nodes and represent a heterogenous group of diseases that affect people of all ages. Treatment generally involves chemotherapeutic or targeted agents that aim to kill malignant cells. In some cases, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is required to replenish the killed blood and stem cells. Both disease and therapies are associated with pulmonary complications. As survivors live longer with the disease and are treated with novel agents that may result in secondary immunodeficiency, airway diseases and respiratory infections will increasingly be encountered. To prevent airways diseases from adding to the morbidity of survivors or leading to long-term mortality, improved understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment of viral bronchiolitis, BOS, and bronchiectasis is necessary. Areas covered: This review focuses on viral bronchitis, BOS and bronchiectasis in people with hematological malignancy. Literature was reviewed from Pubmed for the areas covered. Expert opinion: Airway disease impacts significantly on hematologic malignancies. Viral bronchiolitis, BOS and bronchiectasis are common respiratory manifestations in hematological malignancy. Strategies to identify patients early in their disease course may improve the efficacy of treatment and halt progression of lung function decline and improve quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-313
Number of pages11
JournalExpert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2022


  • Hematologic malignancy
  • airway disease
  • bronchiectasis
  • bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome
  • graft versus host disease
  • viral bronchitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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