Analysis of Opioid Use in Patients Undergoing Open Versus Robotic Gastrectomy

Yuki Hirata, Russell G. Witt, Laura R. Prakash, Elsa M. Arvide, Kristen A. Robinson, Vijaya Gottumukkala, Ching Wei D. Tzeng, Paul Mansfield, Brian D. Badgwell, Naruhiko Ikoma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Minimally invasive, robotic gastrectomy is associated with better short-term outcomes and quicker functional recovery. However, the degree to which the robotic approach influences postoperative pain and opioid use after gastrectomy is unknown. Our primary aim was to determine whether the robotic approach to gastrectomy reduces postoperative opioid use compared with the open approach. Methods: Patients who underwent gastrectomy (November 2018 to September 2021) were identified retrospectively. Clinical characteristics, short-term surgical outcomes, oral morphine equivalent (OME) use, and pain scores were collected. Both groups were managed through an enhanced recovery program in the perioperative period. Results: Of 81 patients, 50 underwent open and 31 underwent robotic gastrectomy. Compared with open gastrectomy patients, robotic gastrectomy patients had longer surgery time (360 vs. 288 min), less blood loss (50 vs. 138 mL), and shorter hospital stay (4 vs. 6 days) (all medians, P < 0.001). Robotic gastrectomy patients used lower OMEs on postoperative days 0–4 (all P < 0.05) and in total for days 0–4 (total mean dose 65.0 vs. 169.5 mg; P < 0.001) than did open gastrectomy patients. The robotic gastrectomy patients were prescribed a lower mean OME dose than the open gastrectomy patients (19.0 vs. 29.0 mg, respectively; P = 0.001). Multivariable analysis showed that robotic approach was associated with lower opioid use (odds ratio 3.70; 95% CI 1.01–14.3; P = 0.049). Conclusions: Compared with open gastrectomy, robotic gastrectomy reduces opioid use in the early postoperative period and is associated with fewer OME discharge prescriptions and shorter hospital stay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5861-5870
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of surgical oncology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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