Androgen receptor reverses the oncometabolite R-2-hydroxyglutarate-induced prostate cancer cell invasion via suppressing the circRNA-51217/miRNA-646/TGFβ1/p-Smad2/3 signaling

Hua Xu, Yin Sun, Bosen You, Chi Ping Huang, Dingwei Ye, Chawnshang Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

IDH1 (Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1) mutation occurring at codon 132 (R132) in prostate cancer (PCa) is considered as a classifier for a subgroup of PCas with accumulation of oncometabolite R-2HG (R-2-hydroxyglutarate). Here we found that adding R-2HG or the mutant IDH1 R132H could promote PCa cell invasion in androgen receptor (AR)-negative PC3 cells or suppressing the AR in AR-positive C4-2 cells. Mechanism dissection revealed that R-2HG could increase circRNA-51217 expression to sponge miRNA-646, which might then lead to increase TGFβ1 expression and thus induce TGFβ1/p-Smad2/3 signaling to increase PCa cell invasion. AR can suppress this R-2HG/circRNA-51217/miRNA-646/TGFβ1/p-Smad2/3 signaling-increased PCa cell invasion via repressing TGFβ1 transcription and inhibiting circRNA-51217 expression through regulating ADAR2 expression. Preclinical studies with an in vivo xenograft mouse model also revealed that PCa cells with the IDH1 R132H mutation have more invasive metastasis. This study demonstrates that IDH1 R132H mutation with increased oncometabolite R-2HG in PCa cells may play important roles to increase PCa cell invasion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-164
Number of pages14
JournalCancer Letters
Volume472
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Fingerprint

Androgen Receptors
MicroRNAs
Prostatic Neoplasms
Isocitrate Dehydrogenase
Mutation
alpha-hydroxyglutarate
Porifera
Heterografts
Codon
Dissection
Neoplasm Metastasis

Keywords

  • Androgen receptor
  • Invasion
  • Prostate cancer
  • R-2-Hydroxyglutarate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Androgen receptor reverses the oncometabolite R-2-hydroxyglutarate-induced prostate cancer cell invasion via suppressing the circRNA-51217/miRNA-646/TGFβ1/p-Smad2/3 signaling. / Xu, Hua; Sun, Yin; You, Bosen; Huang, Chi Ping; Ye, Dingwei; Chang, Chawnshang.

In: Cancer Letters, Vol. 472, 01.03.2020, p. 151-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "IDH1 (Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1) mutation occurring at codon 132 (R132) in prostate cancer (PCa) is considered as a classifier for a subgroup of PCas with accumulation of oncometabolite R-2HG (R-2-hydroxyglutarate). Here we found that adding R-2HG or the mutant IDH1 R132H could promote PCa cell invasion in androgen receptor (AR)-negative PC3 cells or suppressing the AR in AR-positive C4-2 cells. Mechanism dissection revealed that R-2HG could increase circRNA-51217 expression to sponge miRNA-646, which might then lead to increase TGFβ1 expression and thus induce TGFβ1/p-Smad2/3 signaling to increase PCa cell invasion. AR can suppress this R-2HG/circRNA-51217/miRNA-646/TGFβ1/p-Smad2/3 signaling-increased PCa cell invasion via repressing TGFβ1 transcription and inhibiting circRNA-51217 expression through regulating ADAR2 expression. Preclinical studies with an in vivo xenograft mouse model also revealed that PCa cells with the IDH1 R132H mutation have more invasive metastasis. This study demonstrates that IDH1 R132H mutation with increased oncometabolite R-2HG in PCa cells may play important roles to increase PCa cell invasion.",
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