The monoclonal antibody anti-APO-1 induces apoptosis upon triggering the cell surface molecule APO-1 (CD95), a novel member of the tumor necrosis factor/nerve growth factor receptor superfamily. We tested the efficacy of APO-1 mediated apoptosis in a model system of human leukemia in SCID mice. T-ALL cells recovered from SCID mice were sensitive towards anti-APO-1 mediated apoptosis when tested in vitro. In vivo, treatment of leukemia-bearing SCID mice with anti-APO-1 induced programmed cell death in a substantial fraction of T-ALL cells, thus leading to significantly prolonged survival. Anti-APO-1 treatment, however, failed to completely eliminate all leukemic cells. This may be due to resistance towards anti-APO-1 mediated apoptosis in a fraction of T-ALL cells. Thus, identification of cellular programs which determine sensitivity and resistance towards apoptosis may provide new perspectives for rational therapeutic interventions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine