Aristolochic acids as a defensive substance for the aristolochiaceous plant-feeding swallowtail butterfly, pachliopta aristolochiae interpositus

Tian Shung Wu, Yann Lii Leu, Yu Yi Chan

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chemical constituents isolated from every stage of the Taiwanese swallowtail butterfly, Pachliopta aristolochiae interpositus, were studied and compared with the constituents of the insect feeding plant, A. cucurbitifolia. Two aristolochic acid derivatives (1 and 4) and three aristolactam analogues (5, 6, and 7) were isolated from the larval osmeterial fluid and larvae of the insect. In addition, four purines (2, 3, 13, and 14), one indole alkaloid (11), one steroid (10), two benzenoids (8 and 9) and allantoin (12) were also isolated from the insect. Among these compounds, Aristolochic acid -I (AA-I, 1) was detected in all life stages of the insect, especially in the larval osmeterial fluid. The studies confirm that the toxic AAs are used as larval feeding stimulants and deterrent allomones against birds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-226
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Chinese Chemical Society
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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Aristolochic Acids
Allantoin
Indole Alkaloids
Purines
Fluids
Poisons
Pheromones
Birds
Steroids
Derivatives
aristolochic acid I

Keywords

  • Aristolochia cucurbitifolia
  • Aristolochiaceae
  • Metabolite
  • Pachliopta aristolochiae interpositus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Aristolochic acids as a defensive substance for the aristolochiaceous plant-feeding swallowtail butterfly, pachliopta aristolochiae interpositus",
abstract = "The chemical constituents isolated from every stage of the Taiwanese swallowtail butterfly, Pachliopta aristolochiae interpositus, were studied and compared with the constituents of the insect feeding plant, A. cucurbitifolia. Two aristolochic acid derivatives (1 and 4) and three aristolactam analogues (5, 6, and 7) were isolated from the larval osmeterial fluid and larvae of the insect. In addition, four purines (2, 3, 13, and 14), one indole alkaloid (11), one steroid (10), two benzenoids (8 and 9) and allantoin (12) were also isolated from the insect. Among these compounds, Aristolochic acid -I (AA-I, 1) was detected in all life stages of the insect, especially in the larval osmeterial fluid. The studies confirm that the toxic AAs are used as larval feeding stimulants and deterrent allomones against birds.",
keywords = "Aristolochia cucurbitifolia, Aristolochiaceae, Metabolite, Pachliopta aristolochiae interpositus",
author = "Wu, {Tian Shung} and Leu, {Yann Lii} and Chan, {Yu Yi}",
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T1 - Aristolochic acids as a defensive substance for the aristolochiaceous plant-feeding swallowtail butterfly, pachliopta aristolochiae interpositus

AU - Wu, Tian Shung

AU - Leu, Yann Lii

AU - Chan, Yu Yi

PY - 2000/1/1

Y1 - 2000/1/1

N2 - The chemical constituents isolated from every stage of the Taiwanese swallowtail butterfly, Pachliopta aristolochiae interpositus, were studied and compared with the constituents of the insect feeding plant, A. cucurbitifolia. Two aristolochic acid derivatives (1 and 4) and three aristolactam analogues (5, 6, and 7) were isolated from the larval osmeterial fluid and larvae of the insect. In addition, four purines (2, 3, 13, and 14), one indole alkaloid (11), one steroid (10), two benzenoids (8 and 9) and allantoin (12) were also isolated from the insect. Among these compounds, Aristolochic acid -I (AA-I, 1) was detected in all life stages of the insect, especially in the larval osmeterial fluid. The studies confirm that the toxic AAs are used as larval feeding stimulants and deterrent allomones against birds.

AB - The chemical constituents isolated from every stage of the Taiwanese swallowtail butterfly, Pachliopta aristolochiae interpositus, were studied and compared with the constituents of the insect feeding plant, A. cucurbitifolia. Two aristolochic acid derivatives (1 and 4) and three aristolactam analogues (5, 6, and 7) were isolated from the larval osmeterial fluid and larvae of the insect. In addition, four purines (2, 3, 13, and 14), one indole alkaloid (11), one steroid (10), two benzenoids (8 and 9) and allantoin (12) were also isolated from the insect. Among these compounds, Aristolochic acid -I (AA-I, 1) was detected in all life stages of the insect, especially in the larval osmeterial fluid. The studies confirm that the toxic AAs are used as larval feeding stimulants and deterrent allomones against birds.

KW - Aristolochia cucurbitifolia

KW - Aristolochiaceae

KW - Metabolite

KW - Pachliopta aristolochiae interpositus

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