Drug-induced cell death can occur as a result of DNA damage, which in turn may lead to the reduction of bcl-2 expression and activation of caspase-3 expression. In the present study, we investigated the effect of armepavines and atherosperminine on the cell survival rate and expression of bcl-2 and caspase-3 in CCRF-CEM cells. Our data have revealed that armepavine oxalate reduced the survival rate of CCRF-CEM cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner by MTT assay. However, no significant effects of armepavine MeI and atherosperminine N-oxide on the survival rate of the CCRF-CEM cell were observed. Armepavine oxalate-induced cell death was considered to be apoptotic on the basis of observed formation of the DNA ladder and the typical apoptotic morphological change by Hoechst 33258 staining. The expression of bcl-2 protein in CCRF-CEM cells treated with 30 μM armepavine oxalate was significantly decreased in western blotting analysis. In contrast, the expression of active caspase-3 in the cells was increased by armepavine oxalate in a dose-dependent manner. These findings indicate the involvement of bcl-2 and caspase-3 in the apoptotic process of CCRF-CEM cells induced by armepavine oxalate. The increased expression of active caspase-3 as well as decreased expression of bcl-2 support the assumption the armepavine oxalate-treated cells may be capable to complete the entire apoptotic process ending in cell fragmentation.
- Armepavine oxalate
- CCRF-CEM leukemia cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)