Association between patient–surgeon race and gender concordance and patient-reported outcomes following breast cancer surgery

Abbas M. Hassan, Suvethavarshini Ketheeswaran, Taiwo Adesoye, Shivani A. Shah, Solange E. Cox, Sahil K. Kapur, Cristina M. Checka, Anaeze C. Offodile

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Surgeon- and patient-related factors have been shown to influence patient experiences, quality of life (QoL), and surgical outcomes. We examined the association between patient–surgeon race and gender concordance with QoL after breast reconstruction. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of patients who underwent lumpectomy or mastectomy followed by breast reconstruction over a 3-year period. We created the following categories with respect to the race and gender of a patient–surgeon triad: no, intermediate, and perfect concordance. Multivariable regression was used to correlate postoperative global (SF-12) and condition-specific (BREAST-Q) QoL performance with patient-level covariates, gender and race concordance. Results: We identified 375 patients with a mean (± SD) age of 57.6 ± 11.9 years, median (IQR) body mass index of 27.5 (24.0, 32.0), and median morbidity burden of 3 (2, 4). The majority of encounters were of intermediate concordance for gender (70%) and race (52%). Compared with gender-discordant triads, intermediate gender concordance was associated with higher SF-Mental scores (β, 2.60; 95% CI, 0.21–4.99, p = 0.003). Perfect race concordance (35% of encounters) was associated with significantly higher adjusted SF-Physical scores (β, 2.14; 95% CI, 0.50–4.22, p = 0.045) than the race-discordant group. There were no significant associations observed between race or gender concordance and BREAST-Q performance. Conclusion: Race-concordant relationships following breast cancer surgery were more likely to have improved global QoL. Perfect gender concordance was not associated with variation in QoL outcomes. Policy-level interventions are needed to facilitate personalized care and optimize breast cancer surgery outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-175
Number of pages9
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • Breast reconstruction
  • Concordance
  • Gender
  • Patient
  • Patient-reported outcomes
  • Race
  • SF-12
  • Surgeon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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