Autoimmune myelofibrosis and systemic lupus erythematosus in a middle-aged male presenting only with severe anemia

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Abstract

Autoimmune myelofibrosis is a distinct clinicopathologic entity that occasionally occurs with autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis. Most cases of autoimmune myelofibrosis have been reported in female patients with a known history of SLE. We report a case of a middle-aged male patient with an unusual presentation of SLE and autoimmune myelofibrosis who presented only with severe anemia initially and was later diagnosed with SLE and autoimmune myelofibrosis. The patient's condition improved dramatically after treatment with corticosteroids. SLE and autoimmune myelofibrosis is a rare but potentially devastating condition. Anemia maybe the only presenting symptom in addition to bone marrow fibrosis and careful clinical and laboratory assessment is imperative. Corticosteroids maybe useful and spare patients from bone marrow transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number741
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume94
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

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Primary Myelofibrosis
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Anemia
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Rheumatoid Arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Autoimmune myelofibrosis and systemic lupus erythematosus in a middle-aged male presenting only with severe anemia",
abstract = "Autoimmune myelofibrosis is a distinct clinicopathologic entity that occasionally occurs with autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis. Most cases of autoimmune myelofibrosis have been reported in female patients with a known history of SLE. We report a case of a middle-aged male patient with an unusual presentation of SLE and autoimmune myelofibrosis who presented only with severe anemia initially and was later diagnosed with SLE and autoimmune myelofibrosis. The patient's condition improved dramatically after treatment with corticosteroids. SLE and autoimmune myelofibrosis is a rare but potentially devastating condition. Anemia maybe the only presenting symptom in addition to bone marrow fibrosis and careful clinical and laboratory assessment is imperative. Corticosteroids maybe useful and spare patients from bone marrow transplantation.",
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AU - Konoplev, Sergej

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AB - Autoimmune myelofibrosis is a distinct clinicopathologic entity that occasionally occurs with autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis. Most cases of autoimmune myelofibrosis have been reported in female patients with a known history of SLE. We report a case of a middle-aged male patient with an unusual presentation of SLE and autoimmune myelofibrosis who presented only with severe anemia initially and was later diagnosed with SLE and autoimmune myelofibrosis. The patient's condition improved dramatically after treatment with corticosteroids. SLE and autoimmune myelofibrosis is a rare but potentially devastating condition. Anemia maybe the only presenting symptom in addition to bone marrow fibrosis and careful clinical and laboratory assessment is imperative. Corticosteroids maybe useful and spare patients from bone marrow transplantation.

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