Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a T-cell neoplasm characterized by uniformly strong CD30 expression and common absence of T-cell markers. Most ALCL cases express CD4, but a small subset of ALCL cases has been reported to express CD8. Little is known about the clinicopathologic and prognostic features of CD8+ ALCL. In this study, CD8 was assessed in 158 patients with systemic ALCL: CD8 was positive in 13 of 67 (19%) ALK+ and 13 of 91 (14%) ALK-negative neoplasms. In ALK+ ALCL, the CD8+ subgroup more often showed a noncommon morphologic pattern (69% vs 13%, P = .0001) and was more often positive for CD2 (100% vs 45%, P = .001), CD3 (92% vs 24%, P = .0001), and CD7 (100% vs. 39%, P = .002), but less frequently positive for CD25 (50% vs. 100%, P = .02). Patients with ALK+ ALCL and CD8+ neoplasms also had a higher relapse rate (82% vs 48%, P = .05) and more often underwent stem cell transplant (73% vs 36%, P = .04). CD8 expression did not correlate with patient overall survival or progression-free survival regardless of ALK status (all P > 0.05). We conclude that CD8+ ALCL cases appear to be biologically different from the more common CD8-negative ALCL cases. Our data suggest that CD8 positivity in ALK+ ALCL helps to identify a subset of patients more prone to relapse or more in need of stem cell transplant during their clinical course, although there was no impact on survival in this cohort.
- Anaplastic large cell lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine