Characterization of the water soluble fraction from the root extract of Eurycoma longifolia

Ping Chung Kuo, Amooru G. Damu, Tian Shung Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 5 Citations

Abstract

Investigation of the chemical composition of the water soluble fraction of the methanolic extract of the roots of Eurycoma longifolia, a medicinal plant popularly known as "Tongkat Ali", afforded three quassinoid diterpenoids, sugar and amino acid fractions. The sugar fraction was analyzed for its qualitative and quantitative carbohydrate content and glucose and fructose were identified. Quantification of these natural free sugars was achieved by HPLC using refractive index detection. The total amino acid concentration and the amino acid pattern, i.e., the relative proportion of each amino acid to the total amino acids, in the amino acid fraction were analyzed using an amino acid analyzer. Twenty five amino acids were identified. The predominant amino acids were alanine, proline, arginine, and serine summing up to 53.39% of the total. The isolated quassinoid diterpenes exhibited potent cytotoxicity and antimalarial activity.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages257-265
Number of pages9
JournalChinese Pharmaceutical Journal
Volume55
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2003

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Eurycoma
Amino acids
Amino Acids
Water
Quassins
Diterpenes
Sugars
Sugar Acids
Refractometry
Arginine
Fructose
Antimalarials
Cytotoxicity
Medicinal Plants
Carbohydrates
Proline
Alanine
Serine
Glucose
Refractive index

Keywords

  • Amino acid
  • Diterpenoids
  • Eurycoma longifolia
  • Sugar fraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Characterization of the water soluble fraction from the root extract of Eurycoma longifolia. / Kuo, Ping Chung; Damu, Amooru G.; Wu, Tian Shung.

In: Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal, Vol. 55, No. 4, 08.2003, p. 257-265.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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