Diffusion and action of intracerebroventricularly injected interleukin-1 in the CNS

J. P. Konsman, V. Tridon, R. Dantzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Scopus citations


Interleukin-1β acts on the CNS to induce fever, neuroendocrine activation and behavioural depression. We have previously demonstrated that interleukin-1β is synthesized in glial cells and macrophages of circumventricular organs and choroid plexus after intraperitoneal administration of bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Whether, and how, interleukin-1β produced in glial cells affects neuronal functioning is unknown. Diffusion throughout the extracellular space is an important pathway by which factors produced by glial cells act on distant cells, a phenomenon coined 'volume transmission'. The present study assessed diffusion of recombinant rat interleukin-1β, recombinant human interleukin-1 receptor antagonist and 10mol. wt dexran in the rat CNS after intracerebroventricular administration to model interleukin-1β release from choroid plexus. Immunocytochemistry with specific antibodies directed against interleukin-1β and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist revealed that these molecules rapidly penetrated into periventricular tissue and spread along white matter fibre bundles and blood vessels in the caudoputamen, hypothalamus and amygdala. The transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B and the immediate-early gene product Fos were detected immunocytochemically to reveal interleukin-1β action. Intracerebroventricular infusion of interleukin-1β induced nuclear factor kappa B translocation in choroid plexus, ependymal cells, basolateral amygdala, cerebral vasculature and meninges. Fos immunoreactivity was found in the supraoptic and paraventricular hypothalamus and central amygdala.We propose that intracerebroventricular injected interleukin-1β can enter the brain parenchyma and act as a 'volume transmission' signal in, for example, the basolateral amygdala where it might activate a neuronal projection to the central amygdala.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)957-967
Number of pages11
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 30 2000



  • Amygdala
  • Fos
  • Interleukin-1
  • NF-κB
  • Neuroimmune interactions
  • Volume transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this