Estimates of worldwide burden of cancer in 2008: GLOBOCAN 2008

Jacques Ferlay, Hai Rim Shin, Freddie Bray, David Forman, Colin Mathers, Donald Maxwell Parkin

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    12095 Scopus citations


    Estimates of the worldwide incidence and mortality from 27 cancers in 2008 have been prepared for 182 countries as part of the GLOBOCAN series published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. In this article, we present the results for 20 world regions, summarizing the global patterns for the eight most common cancers. Overall, an estimated 12.7 million new cancer cases and 7.6 million cancer deaths occur in 2008, with 56% of new cancer cases and 63% of the cancer deaths occurring in the less developed regions of the world. The most commonly diagnosed cancers worldwide are lung (1.61 million, 12.7% of the total), breast (1.38 million, 10.9%) and colorectal cancers (1.23 million, 9.7%). The most common causes of cancer death are lung cancer (1.38 million, 18.2% of the total), stomach cancer (738,000 deaths, 9.7%) and liver cancer (696,000 deaths, 9.2%). Cancer is neither rare anywhere in the world, nor mainly confined to high-resource countries. Striking differences in the patterns of cancer from region to region are observed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2893-2917
    Number of pages25
    JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
    Issue number12
    StatePublished - Dec 15 2010


    • Cancer
    • Global estimates
    • Incidence
    • Mortality

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oncology
    • Cancer Research

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    Ferlay, J., Shin, H. R., Bray, F., Forman, D., Mathers, C., & Parkin, D. M. (2010). Estimates of worldwide burden of cancer in 2008: GLOBOCAN 2008. International Journal of Cancer, 127(12), 2893-2917.