Evaluation of a real-time reverse transcription-PCR assay for detection of enterovirus D68 in clinical samples from an outbreak in New York state in 2014

Jian Zhuge, Eric Vail, Jeffrey L. Bush, Lauren Singelakis, Weihua Huang, Sheila M. Nolan, Janet P. Haas, Helen Engel, Millicent Della Posta, Esther C. Yoon, John T. Fallon, Guiqing Wang

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

An outbreak of severe respiratory illness associated with enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) infection was reported in mid-August 2014 in the United States. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic utility of an EV-D68-specific real-time reverse transcription-PCR (rRT-PCR) that was recently developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in clinical samples. Nasopharyngeal (NP) swab specimens from patients in a recent outbreak of respiratory illness in the lower Hudson Valley, New York State, were collected and examined for the presence of human rhinovirus or enterovirus using the Film Array Respiratory Panel (RP) assay. Samples positive by RP were assessed using EV-D68 rRT-PCR, and the data were compared to results from sequencing analysis of partial VP1 and 5′ untranslated region (5′-UTR) sequences of the EV genome. A total of 285 RP-positive NP specimens (260 from the 2014 outbreak and 25 from 2013) were analyzed by rRT-PCR; EV-D68 was detected in 74 of 285 (26.0%) specimens examined. Data for comparisons between rRT-PCR and sequencing analysis were obtained from 194 NP specimens. EV-D68 detection was confirmed by sequencing analysis in 71 of 74 positive and in 1 of 120 randomly selected negative specimens by rRTPCR. The EV-D68 rRT-PCR showed diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of 98.6% and 97.5%, respectively. Our data suggest that the EV-D68 rRT-PCR is a reliable assay for detection of EV-D68 in clinical samples and has a potential to be used as a tool for rapid diagnosis and outbreak investigation of EV-D68-associated infections in clinical and public health laboratories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1915-1920
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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    Zhuge, J., Vail, E., Bush, J. L., Singelakis, L., Huang, W., Nolan, S. M., Haas, J. P., Engel, H., Della Posta, M., Yoon, E. C., Fallon, J. T., & Wang, G. (2015). Evaluation of a real-time reverse transcription-PCR assay for detection of enterovirus D68 in clinical samples from an outbreak in New York state in 2014. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 53(6), 1915-1920. https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00358-15