Evidence that partial unwrapping of DNA from nucleosomes facilitates the binding of heat shock factor following DNA replication in yeast

Deborah S. Geraghty, Holly B. Sucic, Junjie Chen, David S. Pederson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, heat shock transcription factor (HSF) binds heat shock element (HSE) DNA shortly after DNA replication, independently of its activation by heat shock. To determine if HSF binding occurs before newly replicated DNA is packaged into nucleosomes, we inserted an HSE into a DNA segment that normally forms a positioned nucleosome in vivo. Transcription from constructs designed to create steric competition between binding of HSF and histone H2A-H2B dimers was generally poor, suggesting that nucleosome assembly precedes and inhibits HSF binding. However, one such construct was as transcriptionally active as a nucleosome- free control. Structural analyses suggested that ~40 base pairs of DNA, including the HSE, had unwrapped from the 3' edge of the histone octamer, allowing HSF to bind; ~100 base pairs remained in association with the histone octamer, with the same translational and rotational orientation as was seen for the poorly transcribed constructs. Modeling studies suggest that the active and inactive constructs differ from one another in the ease with which the HSE and flanking sequences can adopt the curvature needed to form a stable nucleosome. These differences may influence the probability of DNA unwrapping from already assembled nucleosomes and the subsequent binding of HSF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20463-20472
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 7 1998

Fingerprint

Nucleosomes
DNA Replication
Yeast
Shock
Hot Temperature
Yeasts
DNA
Histones
Base Pairing
Transcription
Dimers
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
heat shock transcription factor
Chemical activation
Association reactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Evidence that partial unwrapping of DNA from nucleosomes facilitates the binding of heat shock factor following DNA replication in yeast. / Geraghty, Deborah S.; Sucic, Holly B.; Chen, Junjie; Pederson, David S.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 273, No. 32, 07.08.1998, p. 20463-20472.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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