Expression of TRPS1 in phyllodes tumor and sarcoma of the breast

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7 Scopus citations


When a sarcomatous neoplasm is identified in the breast, distinguishing metaplastic carcinoma, malignant phyllodes tumor (MPT), and primary sarcoma is a diagnostic challenge, especially on small biopsies, as all these tumors may have overlapping morphological features, thoroughly grossing with histological examination and immunohistochemical staining being the standard approach to aid in classifying these lesions. Recently, we identified a highly sensitive and specific breast carcinoma marker TRPS1 with high expression in metaplastic breast carcinoma. In the current study, we tested TRPS1 in MPTs and primary sarcoma of the breast. We found TRPS1 was highly expressed (95%) within spindle cell, chondro-osseous, and/or liposarcomatous components of MPTs, in all breast primary chondrosarcomas and extraskeletal osteosarcomas, but not in other sarcomas of the breast. In extramammary sarcomas, TRPS1 was expressed in 28% of conventional chondrosarcomas and 56% of osteosarcomas of bone, but rarely in undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas (UPSs), liposarcomas, and angiosarcomas. In summary, MPTs may share similar genetic background with metaplastic carcinoma exhibiting TRPS1 expression, and TRPS1 may play a role in chondro-osseous differentiation because of its expression in chondro-osseous sarcomas from both breast and extramammary sites. Our findings suggest TRPS1 may be clinically useful in distinguishing MPT and metaplastic carcinoma from primary breast sarcoma except for tumors with chondro-osseous differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-80
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Pathology
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • Breast tumor
  • Phyllodes tumor
  • Sarcoma
  • TRPS1
  • Tumor marker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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