Purpose: Patients with prostate cancer presenting with advanced T stage, mainly T4, might have a unique pattern of nodal failure and disease involvement that is not typically covered when local therapy is offered. We attempted to identify common sites of nodal disease presentation and failure for patients presenting with cT4 prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: All patients with treatment-naïve cT4 prostate cancer were retrospectively identified. All patients were required to have a confirmed diagnosis reviewed by our genitourinary pathologist and completed baseline staging. Lymph node (LN) involvement and location at diagnosis were reviewed by a genitourinary radiologist. All patients’ follow-up scans were also reviewed; based on LN size, imaging characteristics, and progression/regression characteristics on systemic therapy, the locations of sites of LN failure were recorded. For patients who underwent surgery, any pathologically involved LNs and their anatomic locations were recorded. A total of 103 patients met these criteria, with a median follow-up of 8 years (range, 0.5-14 years). Results: Rectal involvement by the primary disease was associated with a higher risk of perirectal and mesorectal LN involvement (45%) relative to no rectal involvement (26%) (P <.05). These echelons are typically not covered with conventional pelvic external beam radiation therapy and are not routinely part of pelvic LN dissection in patients treated surgically. Conversely, bladder or pelvic side wall invasion did not correlate with increased frequency of involvement of perirectal/mesorectal LNs (P >.05). Conclusions: When offering local therapy, target modification to include the perirectal and mesorectal LNs should be considered for patients presenting with T4 prostate cancer with rectal involvement.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics|
|State||Published - Aug 1 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research