Interleukin-1β stimulates IL-8 expression through MAP kinase and ROS signaling in human gastric carcinoma cells

Young S. Hwang, Min Jeong, Jung S. Park, Mi H. Kim, Dae B. Lee, Boo A. Shin, Naofumi Mukaida, Lee M. Ellis, Hyeong R. Kim, Bong W. Ahn, Young D. Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations


Recent studies have suggested that the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) directly correlates with the vascularity of human gastric carcinomas. In this study, the effect of IL-1β on IL-8 expression in human gastric cancer TMK-1 cells and the underlying signal transduction pathways were investigated. IL-1β induced the IL-8 expression in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. IL-1β induced the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases-1/2 and P38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), but not the activation of c-jun amino-terminal kinse and Akt. Specific inhibitors of MEK-1 (PD980590) and P38 MAPK (SB203580) were found to suppress the IL-8 expression and the IL-8 promoter activity. Expression of vectors encoding a mutated-type MEK-1 and P38 MAPK resulted in decrease in the IL-8 promoter activity. IL-β also induced the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) prevented the IL-1β-induced ROS production and IL-8 expression. In addition, exogenous H2O2 could induce the IL-8 expression. Deletional and site-directed mutagenesis studies on the IL-8 promoter revealed that activator protein-1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor (NF)-κB sites were required for the IL-1β-induced IL-8 transcription. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay confirmed that IL-1β increased the DNA-binding activity of AP-1 and NF-κB. Inhibitor (PD980590, SB203580) and ROS scavenger (NAC) studies revealed that the upstream signalings for the transcription factors AP-1 and NF-κB were MAPK and ROS, respectively. Conditioned media from the TMK-1 cells pretreated with IL-1β could remarkably stimulate the in vitro growth of HUVEC and this effect was partially abrogated by IL-8-neutralizing antibodies. The above results suggest that MAPK-AP-1 and ROS-NF-κB signaling pathways are involved in the IL-1β-induced IL-8 expression and that these paracrine signaling pathways induce endothelial cell proliferation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6603-6611
Number of pages9
Issue number39
StatePublished - Aug 26 2004


  • Gastric cancer
  • IL-1β
  • IL-8
  • MAPK
  • ROS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics


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