LANTCET: Laser nanotechnology for screening and treatment tumor ex vivo and in vivo

Dmitri O. Lapotko, Ekaterina Y. Lukianova-Hleb, Sergei A. Zhdanok, Jason H. Hafner, Betty C. Rostro, Peter Scully, Marina Konopleva, Michael Andreeff, Chun Li, Ehab Y. Hanna, Jeffrey N. Myers, Alexander A. Oraevsky

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


LANTCET (laser-activated nano-thermolysis as cell elimination technology) was developed for selective detection and destruction of individual tumor cells through generation of photothermal bubbles around clusters of light absorbing gold nanoparticles (nanorods and nanoshells) that are selectively formed in target tumor cells. We have applied bare nanoparticles and their conjugates with cell-specific vectors such as monoclonal antibodies CD33 (specific for Acute Myeloid Leukemia) and C225 (specific for carcinoma cells that express epidermal growth factor -EGF). Clusters were formed by using vector-receptor interactions with further clusterization of nanoparticles due to endocytosis. Formation of clusters was verified directly with optical resonance scattering microscopy and microspectroscopy. LANTCET method was tested in vitro for living cell samples with: (1) model myeloid K562 cells (CD33 positive), (2) primary human bone marrow CD33-positive blast cells from patients with the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia, (3) monolayers of living EGF-positive carcinoma cells (Hep-2C), (4) human lymphocytes and red blood cells as normal cells. The LANTCET method was also tested in vivo using rats with experimental polymorphic sarcoma. Photothermal bubbles were generated and detected in vitro with a photothermal microscope equipped with a tunable Ti-Sa pulsed laser. We have found that cluster formation caused an almost 100-fold decrease in the bubble generation threshold of laser pulse fluence in tumor cells compared to the bubble generation threshold for normal cells. The animal tumor that was treated with a single laser pulse showed a necrotic area of diameter close to the pump laser beam diameter and a depth of 1-2 mm. Cell level selectivity of tumor damage with single laser pulse was demonstrated. Combining lightscattering imaging with bubble imaging, we introduced a new image-guided mode of the LANTCET operation for screening and treatment of tumors ex vivo and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Lasers, Applications, and Technologies 2007
Subtitle of host publicationHigh-Power Lasers and Applications
StatePublished - 2007
EventInternational Conference on Lasers, Applications, and Technologies 2007: High-Power Lasers and Applications - Minsk, Belarus
Duration: May 28 2007Jun 1 2007

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherInternational Conference on Lasers, Applications, and Technologies 2007: High-Power Lasers and Applications


  • Bubble
  • Cluster
  • Damage
  • Nanoparticle
  • Scattering
  • Tumor cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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