Liposarcoma: Exploration of clinical prognostic factors for risk based stratification of therapy

Hyo Song Kim, Jeeyun Lee, Seong Yoon Yi, Hyun Jung Jun, Yoon La Choi, Geung Hwan Ahn, Sung Wook Seo, Do Hoon Lim, Yong Chan Ahn, Joon Oh Park, Sung Joo Kim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    38 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background: Prognosis and optimal treatment strategies of liposarcoma have not been fully defined. The purpose of this study is to define the distinctive clinical features of liposarcomas by assessing prognostic factors. Methods: Between January 1995 and May 2008, 94 liposarcoma patients who underwent surgical resection with curative intent were reviewed. Results: Fifty patients (53.2%) presented with well differentiated, 22 (23.4%) myxoid, 15 (16.0%) dedifferentiated, 5 (5.3%) round cell, and 2 (2.1%) pleomorphic histology. With the median 14 cm sized of tumor burden, about half of the cases were located in the retroperitoneum (46.8%). Seventy two (76.6%) patients remained alive with 78.1%, and 67.5% of the 5- and 10-year overall survival (OS) rates, respectively. Low grade liposarcoma (well differentiated and myxoid) had a significantly prolonged OS and disease free survival (DFS) with adjuvant radiotherapy when compared with those without adjuvant radiotherapy (5-year OS, 100% vs 66.3%, P = 0.03; 1-year DFS, 92.9% vs 50.0%, respectively, P = 0.04). Independent prognostic factors for OS were histologic variant (P = 0.001; HR, 5.1; 95% CI, 2.0 - 12.9), and margin status (P = 0.005; HR, 4.1; 95% CI, 1.6-10.5). We identified three different risk groups: group 1 (n = 66), no adverse factors; group 2, one or two adverse factors (n = 28). The 5-year OS rate for group 1, and 2 were 91.9%, 45.5%, respectively. Conclusion: The histologic subtype, and margin status were independently associated with OS, and adjuvant radiotherapy seems to confer survival benefit in low grade tumors. Our prognostic model for primary liposarcoma demonstrated distinct three groups of patients with good prognostic discrimination.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number205
    JournalBMC cancer
    Volume9
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 26 2009

      Fingerprint

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Genetics
    • Oncology
    • Cancer Research

    Cite this

    Kim, H. S., Lee, J., Yi, S. Y., Jun, H. J., Choi, Y. L., Ahn, G. H., Seo, S. W., Lim, D. H., Ahn, Y. C., Park, J. O., & Kim, S. J. (2009). Liposarcoma: Exploration of clinical prognostic factors for risk based stratification of therapy. BMC cancer, 9, [205]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-9-205