MiR-29a, targeting caveolin 2 expression, is responsible for limitation of pancreatic cancer metastasis in patients with normal level of serum CA125

Chen Liang, Si Shi, Qingcai Meng, Dingkong Liang, Jie Hua, Yi Qin, Bo Zhang, Jin Xu, Quanxing Ni, Xianjun Yu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most aggressive gastrointestinal tumors, with an overall 5-year survival rate less than 8%. The dismal prognosis is mainly due to aggressive potential for metastasis. Hence, there is an urgent need for a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying pancreatic cancer invasion and metastasis to improve the unfavorable overall survival (OS) of PDAC patients. In this study, we identified microRNA-29a (miR-29a) as an important tumor suppressor, which was downregulated in PDAC tissues. Moreover, miR-29a counteracted MUC16-mediated migration and invasion. In the pancreatic cancer cells, MUC16 upregulated c-Myc expression, which enhanced c-Myc binding to E-box in the miR-29a promoter and inhibited miR-29a transcription. Thus, miR-29a was negatively correlated with both MUC16 expression and serum CA125 levels. Furthermore, caveolin 2 (CAV2) was demonstrated to be the target of miR-29a by bioinformatics and luciferase reporter assays, and high CAV2 expression was responsible for a poor prognosis, especially in the subgroup with normal CA125 levels. Thus, the present study explains why high levels of serum CA125 are correlated with PDAC metastasis, highlighting the predictive value of this marker in PDAC patients.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2919-2931
    Number of pages13
    JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
    Volume143
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

    Keywords

    • MUC16/CA125
    • caveolin 2
    • metastasis
    • miR-29a
    • pancreatic cancer

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oncology
    • Cancer Research

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