New Data-Driven Gated PET/CT Free of Misregistration Artifacts

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Purpose: We developed a new data-driven gated (DDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) to improve the registration of CT and DDG PET. Methods: We acquired 10 repeat PET/CT and 35 cine CT scans for the mitigation of misregistration between CT and PET data. We also derived end-expiration phase CT as DDG CT for attenuation correction of DDG PET. Radiation exposure, body mass index (BMI), scan coverage, and effective radiation dose were compared between repeat PET/CT and cine CT. Of the 35 cine CT patients, 14 (capturing 59 total tumors) were compared among average PET/CT (baseline PET attenuation correction by average CT), DDG PET (DDG PET attenuation correction by baseline CT), and DDG PET/CT (DDG PET attenuation correction by DDG CT) for registration and quantification without increasing the scan time for DDG PET. Results: Compared with repeat PET/CT, cine CT had significantly lower scan coverage (32.5 ± 11.5 cm vs 15.4 ± 4.7 cm; P < .001) and effective radiation dose (3.7 ± 2.6 mSv vs 1.3 ± 0.6 mSv; P < .01). Repeat PET/CT and cine CT did not differ significantly in BMI or radiation exposure (P >. 1). Cine CT saved the scan time for not needing a repeat PET. The SUV ratios of average PET/CT, DDG PET, and DDG PET/CT to baseline PET/CT were 1.14 ± 0.28, 1.28 ± 0.20, and 1.63 ± 0.64, respectively (P < .0001), suggesting that the SUVmax increased consecutively from baseline PET/CT to average PET/CT, DDG PET, and DDG PET/CT. Motion correction with DDG PET had a larger impact on quantification than registration improvement with average CT did. The biggest improvement in quantification was from DDG PET/CT, in which both registration was improved and motion was mitigated. Conclusion: Our new DDG PET/CT approach alleviates misregistration artifacts and, compared with DDG PET, improves quantification and registration. The use of cine CT in our DDG PET/CT method also reduces the effective radiation dose and scan coverage compared with repeat CT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1638-1646
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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