Oral administration of 5-methoxypsoralen affects the distribution and metabolism of 2-aminofluorene in Sprague-Dawley rats

Yi Min Lee, Shan Fu Chen, Yu Ching Li, Song Shei Lin, Jing-Gung Chung

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background: The effects of 5-methoxypsoralen (5-MOP) on the distribution and metabolism of chemical carcinogens such as 2-aminofluorene (AF) has not been previously reported. In this study, the influences of 5-MOP on the metabolism of AF in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were investigated. Materials and methods: After receiving 5-MOP in 24 hours, AF was introduced into each animal by gastric intubation. After 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours the urine, feces, and cytosol of the liver, kidneys, stomach, colon, bladder and blood of rats were collected and assayed for AF and its metabolites by HPLC. Results: Compared to the control regimen, 5-MOP caused an increase of the metabolites excreted in urine and feces. The largest dose of metabolites were excreted between 48 ∼ 72 hours. The major metabolite excreted in the urine was 9-hydroxy-AAF (9-OH-AAF) and in the feces was 7-hydroxy-AAF (7-OH-AAF). There was no time-effect for the tissues, and the liver was the main target organ for the AF and its metabolites. The major residual metabolite of AF in the liver, kidneys, stomach, colon and bladder was 7-OH-AAF. In blood it was 9-OH-AAF. The bladder had the lowest metabolic residue in tissues, and blood played the role of transportation but was not the target organ. 5-MOP decreased the concentration of AF and its residual metabolites of liver, stomach, kidneys, bladder and blood at various times. Conclusion: 5-MOP increased the metabolism of AF in order to transform to ring-hydroxylated metabolites and increased excretion of the ring-hydroxylated metabolites, therefore decreasing AF and its residual metabolites in vivo. Although 5-MOP was shown to be an inhibitor of CYP 2A6 and CYP 2B1, somehow it causes an increase of activity in AF metabolism in vivo; it induces more CYPs involved in the metabolism of AF.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)201-213
    Number of pages13
    JournalIn Vivo
    Volume16
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

    Keywords

    • 2-Aminofluorene
    • 5-Methoxypsoralen
    • CYPs
    • Ring-hydroxylated metabolites

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
    • Pharmacology

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  • Cite this

    Lee, Y. M., Chen, S. F., Li, Y. C., Lin, S. S., & Chung, J-G. (2002). Oral administration of 5-methoxypsoralen affects the distribution and metabolism of 2-aminofluorene in Sprague-Dawley rats. In Vivo, 16(3), 201-213.