Partial suppression of tumorigenicity in a human lung cancer cell line transfected with Krev‐1

Jorge Caamano, Marion Dirado, Toshihiko Lizasa, Shigeru Momiki, Elma Fernandes, Curt Ashendel, Makoto Noda, Andres J.P. Klein‐Szanto

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    Abstract

    A human non‐small‐cell lung carcinoma cell line, Calu‐6 (from an anaplastic carcinoma), was transfected with the Ki‐ras‐related anti‐oncogene Krev‐1. Several transfectant lines were obtained that showed a reduced tumorigenicity in nude mice with respect to the parental and control transfected cell lines. This decrease was approximately 50% in tumor incidence at 4 wk after subcutaneous inoculation of the transfected cells. In addition, the volume of the Calu‐6 revertant‐derived tumors was three to 10 times smaller than that of the equivalent tumors produced by inoculation of the control cell line transfected with the neomycin‐resistance gene. Krev‐1‐transfected cells that exhibited reduced tumorigenicity expressed Krev‐1 mRNA and had variable numbers of copies of the Krev‐1 gene. Moreover, Krev‐1 ‐transfected cells exhibited a more differentiated squamous epithelial morphology than the parental and control cell lines did. Moderately elevated levels of protein kinase C activity were detected in some revertant clones. Such activity correlated with the level of expression of Krev‐1 mRNA in most cases. In summary, Krev‐1 induced important morphological and biological changes in transfected Calu‐6 cells that we interpreted as partial reversion of the malignant phenotype. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)252-259
    Number of pages8
    JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
    Volume6
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1992

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    Keywords

    • Revertants
    • human lung carcinoma
    • tumor suppression

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Biology
    • Cancer Research

    Cite this

    Caamano, J., Dirado, M., Lizasa, T., Momiki, S., Fernandes, E., Ashendel, C., Noda, M., & Klein‐Szanto, A. J. P. (1992). Partial suppression of tumorigenicity in a human lung cancer cell line transfected with Krev‐1. Molecular Carcinogenesis, 6(4), 252-259. https://doi.org/10.1002/mc.2940060406