Pathway of complex formation between dna and three subunits of CBF/NF- Y: Photocross-linking analysis of DNA-protein interaction and characterization of equilibrium steps of subunit interaction and DNA binding

Shu Guang Liang, Sankar N Maity

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Abstract

In this study, we used a photocross-linking method to identify specific contact of CCAAT-binding factor (CBF) subunits in a CBF-DNA complex. The analysis showed that all three subunits in the CBF-DNA complex were cross- linked to DNA and that CBF-B and CBF-C were cross-linked more strongly than CBF-A. None of the CBF-A and CBF-C subunits, which together formed a CBF- A/CBF-C heterodimer, were cross-linked without CBF-B; in contrast, CBF-B was cross-linked in the absence of CBF-A/CBF-C. No subunit of heterotrimeric CBF containing DNA-binding domain mutant of either CBF-B or CBF-C was cross- linked to DNA, and interestingly, cross-linking of CBF-B that occurred without CBF-A/CBF-C was inhibited in presence of mutant CBF-C/CBF-A heterodimer. Altogether, these results indicated that the specific DNA contact surface of each CBF subunit is generated as a result of interaction between CBF-B and CBF-A/CBF-C heterodimer and that the three CBF subunits interact interdependently with DNA to form a CBF-DNA complex. Equilibrium interactions among the three CBF subunits and between CBF subunits and DNA were studied by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. This showed that at equilibrium DNA-binding conditions, the CBF-A/CBF-C heterodimer is very stable, but association between CBF-B and CBF-A/ CBF-C is very weak. The nature of the association of CBF-B with CBF-A/CBF-C was also revealed by studying the inhibition of CBF-DNA complex formation by the mutant CBF-B. This study indicated that the association between CBF-B and CBF-A/CBF-C is stabilized upon interaction with DNA, a process likely to favor formation of a high-affinity CBF-DNA complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31590-31598
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 1998

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CCAAT-Binding Factor
DNA
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Pathway of complex formation between dna and three subunits of CBF/NF- Y: Photocross-linking analysis of DNA-protein interaction and characterization of equilibrium steps of subunit interaction and DNA binding",
abstract = "In this study, we used a photocross-linking method to identify specific contact of CCAAT-binding factor (CBF) subunits in a CBF-DNA complex. The analysis showed that all three subunits in the CBF-DNA complex were cross- linked to DNA and that CBF-B and CBF-C were cross-linked more strongly than CBF-A. None of the CBF-A and CBF-C subunits, which together formed a CBF- A/CBF-C heterodimer, were cross-linked without CBF-B; in contrast, CBF-B was cross-linked in the absence of CBF-A/CBF-C. No subunit of heterotrimeric CBF containing DNA-binding domain mutant of either CBF-B or CBF-C was cross- linked to DNA, and interestingly, cross-linking of CBF-B that occurred without CBF-A/CBF-C was inhibited in presence of mutant CBF-C/CBF-A heterodimer. Altogether, these results indicated that the specific DNA contact surface of each CBF subunit is generated as a result of interaction between CBF-B and CBF-A/CBF-C heterodimer and that the three CBF subunits interact interdependently with DNA to form a CBF-DNA complex. Equilibrium interactions among the three CBF subunits and between CBF subunits and DNA were studied by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. This showed that at equilibrium DNA-binding conditions, the CBF-A/CBF-C heterodimer is very stable, but association between CBF-B and CBF-A/ CBF-C is very weak. The nature of the association of CBF-B with CBF-A/CBF-C was also revealed by studying the inhibition of CBF-DNA complex formation by the mutant CBF-B. This study indicated that the association between CBF-B and CBF-A/CBF-C is stabilized upon interaction with DNA, a process likely to favor formation of a high-affinity CBF-DNA complex.",
author = "Liang, {Shu Guang} and Maity, {Sankar N}",
year = "1998",
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T1 - Pathway of complex formation between dna and three subunits of CBF/NF- Y

T2 - Photocross-linking analysis of DNA-protein interaction and characterization of equilibrium steps of subunit interaction and DNA binding

AU - Liang, Shu Guang

AU - Maity, Sankar N

PY - 1998/11/20

Y1 - 1998/11/20

N2 - In this study, we used a photocross-linking method to identify specific contact of CCAAT-binding factor (CBF) subunits in a CBF-DNA complex. The analysis showed that all three subunits in the CBF-DNA complex were cross- linked to DNA and that CBF-B and CBF-C were cross-linked more strongly than CBF-A. None of the CBF-A and CBF-C subunits, which together formed a CBF- A/CBF-C heterodimer, were cross-linked without CBF-B; in contrast, CBF-B was cross-linked in the absence of CBF-A/CBF-C. No subunit of heterotrimeric CBF containing DNA-binding domain mutant of either CBF-B or CBF-C was cross- linked to DNA, and interestingly, cross-linking of CBF-B that occurred without CBF-A/CBF-C was inhibited in presence of mutant CBF-C/CBF-A heterodimer. Altogether, these results indicated that the specific DNA contact surface of each CBF subunit is generated as a result of interaction between CBF-B and CBF-A/CBF-C heterodimer and that the three CBF subunits interact interdependently with DNA to form a CBF-DNA complex. Equilibrium interactions among the three CBF subunits and between CBF subunits and DNA were studied by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. This showed that at equilibrium DNA-binding conditions, the CBF-A/CBF-C heterodimer is very stable, but association between CBF-B and CBF-A/ CBF-C is very weak. The nature of the association of CBF-B with CBF-A/CBF-C was also revealed by studying the inhibition of CBF-DNA complex formation by the mutant CBF-B. This study indicated that the association between CBF-B and CBF-A/CBF-C is stabilized upon interaction with DNA, a process likely to favor formation of a high-affinity CBF-DNA complex.

AB - In this study, we used a photocross-linking method to identify specific contact of CCAAT-binding factor (CBF) subunits in a CBF-DNA complex. The analysis showed that all three subunits in the CBF-DNA complex were cross- linked to DNA and that CBF-B and CBF-C were cross-linked more strongly than CBF-A. None of the CBF-A and CBF-C subunits, which together formed a CBF- A/CBF-C heterodimer, were cross-linked without CBF-B; in contrast, CBF-B was cross-linked in the absence of CBF-A/CBF-C. No subunit of heterotrimeric CBF containing DNA-binding domain mutant of either CBF-B or CBF-C was cross- linked to DNA, and interestingly, cross-linking of CBF-B that occurred without CBF-A/CBF-C was inhibited in presence of mutant CBF-C/CBF-A heterodimer. Altogether, these results indicated that the specific DNA contact surface of each CBF subunit is generated as a result of interaction between CBF-B and CBF-A/CBF-C heterodimer and that the three CBF subunits interact interdependently with DNA to form a CBF-DNA complex. Equilibrium interactions among the three CBF subunits and between CBF subunits and DNA were studied by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. This showed that at equilibrium DNA-binding conditions, the CBF-A/CBF-C heterodimer is very stable, but association between CBF-B and CBF-A/ CBF-C is very weak. The nature of the association of CBF-B with CBF-A/CBF-C was also revealed by studying the inhibition of CBF-DNA complex formation by the mutant CBF-B. This study indicated that the association between CBF-B and CBF-A/CBF-C is stabilized upon interaction with DNA, a process likely to favor formation of a high-affinity CBF-DNA complex.

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