In a subset of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases, the core binding factor beta subunit gene (CBFB) was rearranged via inv(16)(p13.1q22) or t(16;16)(p13.1;q22), in which the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain 11 gene (MYH11) was the partner (CBFB::MYH11). Rare variants of CBFB rearrangement occurring via non-classic chromosomal aberrations have been reported, such as t(1;16), t(2;16), t(3;16), t(5;16), and t(16;19), but the partners of CBFB have not been characterized. We report a case of AML with a complex karyotype, including t(2;16)(q37;q22), in which the protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 7 gene (PPP1R7) at chromosome 2q37 was rearranged with CBFB (CBFB::PPP1R7). This abnormality was inconspicuous by conventional karyotype and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), thus leading to an initial interpretation of inv(16)(p13.1q22); however, metaphase FISH showed that the CBFB rearrangement involved chromosome 2. Using whole genome and Sanger sequencing, the breakpoints were identified as being located in intron 5 of CBFB and intron 7 of PPP1R7. A microhomology of CAG was found in the break and reconnection sites of CBFB and PPP1R7, thus supporting the formation of CBFB::PPP1R7 by microhomology-mediated end joining.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Aug 2022|
- CBFB rearrangement
- novel partner gene
ASJC Scopus subject areas