Preoperative plasma D-dimer levels predict survival in patients with operable non-small cell lung cancer independently of venous thromboembolism

P. P. Zhang, J. W. Sun, X. Y. Wang, X. M. Liu, K. Li

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    30 Scopus citations


    Background and aims D-dimer is a stable end product of fibrin degradation that is associated with advanced tumor stage and poor prognosis in lung cancer patients. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a frequent complication of cancer and is associated with a poor prognosis in cancer patients. The purpose of the study is to elucidate whether the increased mortality in non-small cell lung (NSCLC) patients with elevated D-dimer levels is independent of VTE. Patients and methods A retrospective review was conducted of 232 patients with operable NSCLC from January 2007 to June 2008. All the patients underwent a pneumonectomy, lobectomy or wedge resection. We assessed the ability of preoperative plasma D-dimer levels to predict 1-year mortality and overall survival among them, and a multivariable Cox proportional-hazard regression analysis was performed after controlling for the following potential confounding factors: age, gender, TNM stage, histology, tumor size, VTE and surgical interventions. Results The overall 1-year survival rate was 91.4% (95% confidence interval (CI), 82.7-94.8%), with a 76.5% survival (95% CI, 71.4-81.6%) in the high D-dimer group and a 93.9% survival (95% CI, 86.4-97.9%) in the normal D-dimer group. Comparing the high D-dimer group with the normal D-dimer group, the adjusted hazard ratio for 1-year mortality and overall survival was 3.19 (95% CI, 1.18-7.12) and 1.54 (95% CI, 1.11-2.78) respectively. Conclusion Our study concluded that the preoperative plasma D-dimer level is an important prognostic biomarker in patients with operable NSCLC that is independent of VTE.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)951-956
    Number of pages6
    JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
    Issue number9
    StatePublished - Sep 1 2013



    • D-dimer
    • Non-small cell lung cancer
    • Operable
    • Prognosis
    • Venous thromboembolism

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Oncology

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