Randomized clinical trial of accelerated enhanced recovery after minimally invasive colorectal cancer surgery (RecoverMI trial)

B. K. Bednarski, T. P. Nickerson, Y. N. You, C. A. Messick, B. Speer, V. Gottumukkala, M. Manandhar, M. Weldon, E. M. Dean, W. Qiao, X. Wang, G. J. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and enhanced recovery protocols (ERPs) have improved postoperative recovery and shortened length of hospital stay (LOS). Telemedicine technology has potential to improve outcomes and patient experience further. This study was designed to determine whether the combination of MIS, ERP and a structured telemedicine programme (TeleRecovery) could shorten total 30-day LOS by 50 per cent. Methods: This was a phase II prospective RCT at a large academic medical centre. Eligible patients aged 18–80 years undergoing minimally invasive colorectal resection using an ERP were randomized after surgery. The experimental arm (RecoverMI) included accelerated discharge on postoperative day (POD) 1 with or without evidence of bowel function and a televideoconference on POD 2. The control arm was standard postoperative care. The primary endpoint was total 30-day LOS (postoperative stay plus readmission/emergency department/observation days). Secondary endpoints included patient-reported outcomes measured by EQ-5D-5L™, Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) and a satisfaction questionnaire. Results: Thirty patients were randomized after robotic (21 patients) or laparoscopic (9) colectomy, including 14 patients in the RecoverMI arm. Median 30-day total LOS was 28·3 (i.q.r. 23·7–43·6) h in the RecoverMI arm and 51·5 (43·8–67·0) h in the control arm (P = 0·041). There were no differences in severe adverse events or EQ-5D-5L™ score between the study arms. The BPI revealed low pain scores regardless of treatment arm. Satisfaction was high in both arms. Conclusion: In patients having surgery for colorectal neoplasms, the trimodal combination of MIS, ERP and TeleRecovery can reduce 30-day LOS while preserving patients' quality of life and satisfaction. Registration number: NCT02613728 (https://clinicaltrials.gov).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1311-1318
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
Volume106
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Colorectal Surgery
Colorectal Neoplasms
Length of Stay
Randomized Controlled Trials
Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
Telemedicine
Pain
Equipment and Supplies
Colectomy
Postoperative Care
Robotics
Hospital Emergency Service
Quality of Life
Observation
Technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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Randomized clinical trial of accelerated enhanced recovery after minimally invasive colorectal cancer surgery (RecoverMI trial). / Bednarski, B. K.; Nickerson, T. P.; You, Y. N.; Messick, C. A.; Speer, B.; Gottumukkala, V.; Manandhar, M.; Weldon, M.; Dean, E. M.; Qiao, W.; Wang, X.; Chang, G. J.

In: British Journal of Surgery, Vol. 106, No. 10, 01.01.2019, p. 1311-1318.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Nickerson, T. P.

AU - You, Y. N.

AU - Messick, C. A.

AU - Speer, B.

AU - Gottumukkala, V.

AU - Manandhar, M.

AU - Weldon, M.

AU - Dean, E. M.

AU - Qiao, W.

AU - Wang, X.

AU - Chang, G. J.

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