Retrospective analysis of treatment outcome of pediatric ependymomas in Korea: Analysis of Korean multi-institutional data

Yeon Joo Kim, Joo Young Kim, Do Hoon Lim, Hyeon Jin Park, Jungnam Joo, Ki Woong Sung, Hyung Jin Shin, Seung Ki Kim, Ji Hoon Phi, Il Han Kim, Kyung Duk Park, Seung Do Ahn, Jinhong Jung, Young Sin Rha, Dong Seok Kim, Chang Ok Suh

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    4 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    We analyzed the treatment outcomes of intracranial ependymomas in Korean children aged <18 years. Data for 96 patients were collected from five hospitals. Survival rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Log-rank tests for univariate analyses and Cox regression model for multivariate analysis were conducted to identify prognostic factors for survival. The median age of the patients was 4 years (range, 0.3-17.9 years). The median follow-up was 55 months (range, 2-343 months). Age <3 years was an important factor for selecting adjuvant therapy after surgery. Among children aged <3 and ≥3 years, adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) was applied to 55 and 84 %, respectively, and adjuvant chemotherapy to 52 and 10 %, respectively. The 5 year local progression-free survival (LPFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) rates were 54, 52, and 79 %, respectively. Gross total resection was the most significant prognostic factor for all survival endpoints. Age ≥3 years and RT were significant prognostic factors for superior LPFS and DFS. However, the significance of age was lost in multivariate analysis for DFS. LPFS, DFS, and OS were superior in patients who started RT within 44 days after surgery (the median time) than in patients who started RT later in the patients aged ≥3 years. Postoperative RT was a strong prognostic factor for intracranial ependymomas. Our results suggest that early use of RT is an essential component of treatment, and should be considered in young children.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)39-48
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of neuro-oncology
    Volume113
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

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    Keywords

    • Age
    • Local control
    • Overall survival
    • Pediatric ependymomas
    • Radiotherapy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oncology
    • Neurology
    • Clinical Neurology
    • Cancer Research

    Cite this

    Kim, Y. J., Kim, J. Y., Lim, D. H., Park, H. J., Joo, J., Sung, K. W., Shin, H. J., Kim, S. K., Phi, J. H., Kim, I. H., Park, K. D., Ahn, S. D., Jung, J., Rha, Y. S., Kim, D. S., & Suh, C. O. (2013). Retrospective analysis of treatment outcome of pediatric ependymomas in Korea: Analysis of Korean multi-institutional data. Journal of neuro-oncology, 113(1), 39-48. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11060-013-1087-5