Robotic-assisted stereotactic real-time navigation: initial clinical experience and feasibility for rectal cancer surgery

S. Atallah, E. Parra-Davila, Armando G. F. Melani, L. G. Romagnolo, S. W. Larach, J. Marescaux

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background: Real-time stereotactic navigation for transanal total mesorectal excision has been demonstrated to be feasible in small pilot series using laparoscopic techniques. The possibility of real-time stereotactic navigation coupled with robotics has not been previously explored in a clinical setting. Methods: After pre-clinical assessment, and configuration of a robotic-assisted navigational system, two patients with locally advanced rectal cancer were selected for enrollment into a pilot study designed to assess the feasibility of navigation coupled with the robotic da Vinci Xi platform via TilePro interface. In one case, fluorescence-guided surgery was also used as an adjunct for structure localization, with local administration of indocyanine green into the ureters and at the tumor site. Results: Each operation was successfully completed with a robotic-assisted approach; image-guided navigation provided computed accuracy of ± 4.5 to 4.6 mm. The principle limitation encountered was navigation signal dropout due to temporary loss of direct line-of-sight with the navigational system’s infrared camera. Subjectively, the aid of navigation assisted the operating surgeon in identifying critical anatomical planes. The combination of fluorescence with image-guided surgery further augmented the surgeon’s perception of the operative field. Conclusions: The combination of stereotactic navigation and robotic surgery is feasible, although some limitations and technical challenges were observed. For complex surgery, the addition of navigation to robotics can improve surgical precision. This will likely represent the next step in the evolution of robotics and in the development of digital surgery.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)53-63
    Number of pages11
    JournalTechniques in Coloproctology
    Volume23
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 28 2019

    Keywords

    • Augmented reality
    • Da Vinci navigation
    • Digital surgery
    • Fluorescence-guided surgery
    • Image-guided surgery
    • Rectal cancer
    • Robotic colorectal
    • Stereotactic navigation
    • TaTME

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Gastroenterology

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