Objective: To demonstrate perinatal imaging findings and to investigate the mutation in the . NEK1 gene in a fetus with type II short rib-polydactyly syndrome (SRPS) (Majewski). Case Report: A 34-year-old woman with a past history of fetal SRPS was referred to the hospital at 16 weeks of gestation because of sonographic diagnosis of short limbs in the fetus. Fetal ultrasound revealed short ribs, short limbs, absence of tibiae, polydactyly, syndactyly and choroid plexus cysts. At 21 weeks of gestation, polycystic kidneys were found. The pregnancy was terminated, and a fetus was delivered with facial dysmorphism, a median cleft lip, a narrow chest, micromelia, aplasia of tibiae, hypoplastic nails, syndactyly and postaxial polydactyly. The karyotype was 46,XX. Molecular analysis of fetal tissues showed a paternal-origin heterozygous splice site mutation in intron 7 (c.465-1 G>A) in the . NEK1 gene, but no mutations in the genes of . WDR35, . DYNC2H1, . IFT80, . EVC and . EVC2. The . NEK1 mutation causes an alteration of the splice acceptor site of intron 7 (IVS7-1 G>A). No second mutation was identified. Conclusion: Tibial aplasia, choroid plexus cysts and polycystic kidneys can be prominent prenatal ultrasound findings of type II SRPS. The present case provides evidence for a correlation of . NEK1 mutation with type II SRPS.
- Prenatal diagnosis
- Type II short rib-polydactyly syndrome (Majewski)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology