Stathmin is a Major Substrate for Mitogen‐activated Protein Kinase During Heat Shock and Chemical Stress in HeLa Cells

Laura Beretta, Marie‐Fraçoise ‐F Dubois, André Sobel, Olivier Bensaude

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Abstract

Stathmin is a ubiquitous, highly conserved 19‐kDa cytoplasmic protein whose expression and phosphorylation are regulated in relation to cell proliferation, differentiation or activation, in many biological systems. In this report, we show that stathmin undergoes major phosphorylation in HeLa cells submitted to heat or chemical stress. Heat‐shock‐induced stathmin phosphorylation was very rapid, as maximal incorporation of phosphate was observed at 5 min. Phosphorylation of stathmin might, therefore, occur as a very early step in the intracellular response to heat shock. The sites of phosphorylation of stathmin involved during the stress response were identified as mostly Ser25 and, to a lesser extent, Ser38. These sites are both followed by a proline residue, and known to be good substrates in vitro for mitogen‐activated protein kinase (MAP‐kinase) and p34cdc2 kinase, respectively. In lysates from heat‐shocked cells, an increased stathmin‐kinase activity, distinct from the histone‐H1‐kinase activity, was found to phosphorylate stathmin mostly on Ser25, the main site for MAP‐kinase in vitro. This stathmin‐kinase coeluted quantitatively with the stress‐activated MAP‐kinase from an FPLC MonoQ column. Furthermore, a stathmin kinase activity was precipitated from lysates of heat‐shocked HeLa cells by an anti‐(MAP‐kinase) serum. Together, these results indicate that the phosphorylation of stathmin by MAP‐kinase is likely to be a significant component of the signalling array controlling the cellular response to stress, and they further underline the general involvement of stathmin in intracellular signalling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-395
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume227
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Keywords

  • MAP‐kinase
  • Stathmin
  • heat shock
  • protein phosphorylation
  • signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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