Ten-Eleven Translocation Ablation Impairs Cardiac Differentiation of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells

Shaohai Fang, Dan Cui, Tingting Hong, Lei Guo, Yi Tsang Lee, Minjung Lee, Sevinj Isgandarova, Margarita Martinez-Moczygemba, Yubin Zhou, Jia Li, Yun Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ten-eleven Translocation (TET) dioxygenases mediated DNA methylation oxidation plays an important role in regulating the embryonic stem cells (ESCs) differentiation. Herein, we utilized a CRISPR/Cas9 based genome editing method to generate single, double, and triple Tet-deficient mouse ESCs (mESCs) and differentiated these cells toward cardiac progenitors. By using emerald green fluorescent protein (GFP; emGFP) expression under the control of Nkx2.5 promoter as marker for cardiac progenitor cells, we discovered that Tet1 and Tet2 depletion significantly impaired mESC-to-cardiac progenitor differentiation. Single-cell RNA-seq analysis further revealed that Tet deletion resulted in the accumulation of mesoderm progenitors to hamper cardiac differentiation. Re-expression of the Tet1 catalytic domain (Tet1CD) rescued the differentiation defect in Tet-triple knockout mESCs. Dead Cas9 (dCas9)-Tet1CD mediated loci-specific epigenome editing at the Hand1 loci validated the direct involvement of Tet-mediated epigenetic modifications in transcriptional regulation during cardiac differentiation. Our study establishes that Tet-mediated epigenetic remodeling is essential for maintaining proper transcriptional outputs to safeguard mESC-to-cardiac progenitor differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-272
Number of pages13
JournalStem cells (Dayton, Ohio)
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 31 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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