The effectiveness of artificial intelligent 3-D virtual reality vocational problem-solving training in enhancing employment opportunities for people with traumatic brain injury

David Wai Kwong Man, Wai Sang Poon, Chow Lam

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    24 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background: People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often experience cognitive deficits in attention, memory, executive functioning and problem-solving. The purpose of the present research study was to examine the effectiveness of an artificial intelligent virtual reality (VR)-based vocational problem-solving skill training programme designed to enhance employment opportunities for people with TBI. Method: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing the effectiveness of the above programme with that of the conventional psycho-educational approach. Forty participants with mild (n=20) or moderate (n=20) brain injury were randomly assigned to each training programme. Comparisons of problem-solving skills were performed with the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, the Tower of London Test and the Vocational Cognitive Rating Scale. Results: Improvement in selective memory processes and perception of memory function were found. Across-group comparison showed that the VR group performed more favourably than the therapist-led one in terms of objective and subjective outcome measures and better vocational outcomes. Conclusions: These results support the potential use of a VR-based approach in memory training in people with MCI. Further VR applications, limitations and future research are described.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1016-1025
    Number of pages10
    JournalBrain Injury
    Volume27
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2013

    Keywords

    • Artificial intelligence
    • Cognitive rehabilitation
    • Employment
    • Technology
    • Traumatic brain injury
    • Virtual reality

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Clinical Neurology

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