The use of isoflurane and desflurane as inhalational agents for glioblastoma surgery. A survival analysis

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Several studies have examined the impact of anesthetics on cancer recurrence. Isoflurane but not desflurane has protumoral effects. We hypothesize the use of isoflurane but not desflurane during surgery for primary GBM is an independent predictor of disease progression and mortality. Methods 378 adult patients were included in the study. The progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates at 1 and 5 years were compared in patients who had either desflurane or isoflurane alone or in combination with propofol infusion. Multivariate analyses were conducted to test the association between preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative hyperglycemia with PFS and OS. Results Kaplan–Meier curves demonstrated similar survival in patients who had either desflurane or isoflurane. The use of a propofol infusion during surgery did not affect survival. Univariate analysis demonstrated that age, body mass index and the adjusted Charlson comorbidity score were associated with reduced survival. The multivariate analysis confirmed that age and BMI but not the type volatile anesthetic use were independent prognostic factors for PFS (HR, 95%CI: 1.07, 0.85–1.37, 9 = 0.531) and OS (HR, 95%CI: 1.13, 0.86–1.48, p = 0.531). Conclusion The use of isoflurane or desflurane during GBM surgery is not associated with reduced PFS or OS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-87
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume35
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Desflurane
  • Glioblastoma multiforme
  • Isoflurane
  • Overall survival
  • Progression free survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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