Treating Clinically Node-Negative Insular Thyroid Carcinoma without Prophylactic Central Compartment Neck Dissection Is Associated with Decreased Survival Regardless of T Staging and Administration of Radioactive Iodine Therapy: The First Evidence

Peng Cheng Yu, Xiao Shi, Ben Ma, Cui Wei Li, Li Cheng Tan, Wei Ping Hu, Yu Wang, Wen Jun Wei, Yu Long Wang, Qing Hai Ji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

For the rare but aggressive insular thyroid carcinoma (ITC), there's no clear evidence to determine whether prophylactic central compartment neck dissection (CCND) is necessary for cN0 disease. This study provides the first evidence that treating cN0 ITC without prophylactic CCND is associated with decreased survival regardless of T staging and administration of RAI therapy. cher and Contributor ID) account on MTS. To register a linked ORCID account, please go to the Account Update page (http://mts.hindawi.com/update/) in our Manuscript Tracking System and after you have logged in click on the ORCID link at the top of the page. This link will take you to the ORCID website where you will be able to create an account for yourself. Once you have done so, your new ORCID will be saved in our Manuscript Tracking System automatically."Background. Regarding the rare but aggressive insular thyroid carcinoma (ITC), the value of prophylactic central compartment neck dissection (CCND) for clinically node-negative (cN0) disease is unclear. We aimed to provide the first evidence. Methods. N0 and pN1a ITC patients were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. These patients were divided into thyroid-surgery + CCND group (pN0/pN1a patients confirmed by CCND) and thyroid-surgery group (cN0 patients without CCND). Differences in overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) between the two groups were evaluated. Subgroup analyses were also conducted. Results. Of the overall 112 patients, 44 (39.3%) received CCND. On multivariate analyses, the lobectomy ± isthmusectomy/total-thyroidectomy (Lob/TT) group demonstrated poorer OS and DSS than the Lob/TT + CCND group (P<0.05). When we separately analyzed patients treated by TT, multivariate analyses showed the TT group still revealed compromised OS and DSS than the TT + CCND group (P<0.05). Furthermore, absence of CCND independently predicted decreased OS no matter whether radioactive iodine (RAI) was administered. Similar results were obtained for T3/T4 patients. Moreover, for T1/T2 patients receiving CCND, 0/12 died during the study period, while for T1/T2 patients without CCND, 8/23 (34.8%) died, 5/23 (21.7%) due to ITC. Conclusion. Regardless of T staging and RAI treatment, cN0-ITC patients without CCND had decreased survival compared with pN0/pN1a patients receiving CCND. Therefore, if a cN0 patient is diagnosed with ITC, prophylactic CCND may be considered as a secondary procedure (postoperatively diagnosed) or a primary procedure (preoperatively/intraoperatively diagnosed). Prospective studies are expected to validate the conclusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3078012
JournalInternational Journal of Endocrinology
Volume2019
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Neck Dissection
Thyroid Neoplasms
Iodine
Survival
Therapeutics
Manuscripts
Thyroidectomy
Thyroid Gland
Multivariate Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

Cite this

Treating Clinically Node-Negative Insular Thyroid Carcinoma without Prophylactic Central Compartment Neck Dissection Is Associated with Decreased Survival Regardless of T Staging and Administration of Radioactive Iodine Therapy : The First Evidence. / Yu, Peng Cheng; Shi, Xiao; Ma, Ben; Li, Cui Wei; Tan, Li Cheng; Hu, Wei Ping; Wang, Yu; Wei, Wen Jun; Wang, Yu Long; Ji, Qing Hai.

In: International Journal of Endocrinology, Vol. 2019, 3078012, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b10be57d761142a58f5d59309adc1ff9,
title = "Treating Clinically Node-Negative Insular Thyroid Carcinoma without Prophylactic Central Compartment Neck Dissection Is Associated with Decreased Survival Regardless of T Staging and Administration of Radioactive Iodine Therapy: The First Evidence",
abstract = "For the rare but aggressive insular thyroid carcinoma (ITC), there's no clear evidence to determine whether prophylactic central compartment neck dissection (CCND) is necessary for cN0 disease. This study provides the first evidence that treating cN0 ITC without prophylactic CCND is associated with decreased survival regardless of T staging and administration of RAI therapy. cher and Contributor ID) account on MTS. To register a linked ORCID account, please go to the Account Update page (http://mts.hindawi.com/update/) in our Manuscript Tracking System and after you have logged in click on the ORCID link at the top of the page. This link will take you to the ORCID website where you will be able to create an account for yourself. Once you have done so, your new ORCID will be saved in our Manuscript Tracking System automatically.{"}Background. Regarding the rare but aggressive insular thyroid carcinoma (ITC), the value of prophylactic central compartment neck dissection (CCND) for clinically node-negative (cN0) disease is unclear. We aimed to provide the first evidence. Methods. N0 and pN1a ITC patients were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. These patients were divided into thyroid-surgery + CCND group (pN0/pN1a patients confirmed by CCND) and thyroid-surgery group (cN0 patients without CCND). Differences in overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) between the two groups were evaluated. Subgroup analyses were also conducted. Results. Of the overall 112 patients, 44 (39.3{\%}) received CCND. On multivariate analyses, the lobectomy ± isthmusectomy/total-thyroidectomy (Lob/TT) group demonstrated poorer OS and DSS than the Lob/TT + CCND group (P<0.05). When we separately analyzed patients treated by TT, multivariate analyses showed the TT group still revealed compromised OS and DSS than the TT + CCND group (P<0.05). Furthermore, absence of CCND independently predicted decreased OS no matter whether radioactive iodine (RAI) was administered. Similar results were obtained for T3/T4 patients. Moreover, for T1/T2 patients receiving CCND, 0/12 died during the study period, while for T1/T2 patients without CCND, 8/23 (34.8{\%}) died, 5/23 (21.7{\%}) due to ITC. Conclusion. Regardless of T staging and RAI treatment, cN0-ITC patients without CCND had decreased survival compared with pN0/pN1a patients receiving CCND. Therefore, if a cN0 patient is diagnosed with ITC, prophylactic CCND may be considered as a secondary procedure (postoperatively diagnosed) or a primary procedure (preoperatively/intraoperatively diagnosed). Prospective studies are expected to validate the conclusion.",
author = "Yu, {Peng Cheng} and Xiao Shi and Ben Ma and Li, {Cui Wei} and Tan, {Li Cheng} and Hu, {Wei Ping} and Yu Wang and Wei, {Wen Jun} and Wang, {Yu Long} and Ji, {Qing Hai}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1155/2019/3078012",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2019",
journal = "International Journal of Endocrinology",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Treating Clinically Node-Negative Insular Thyroid Carcinoma without Prophylactic Central Compartment Neck Dissection Is Associated with Decreased Survival Regardless of T Staging and Administration of Radioactive Iodine Therapy

T2 - The First Evidence

AU - Yu, Peng Cheng

AU - Shi, Xiao

AU - Ma, Ben

AU - Li, Cui Wei

AU - Tan, Li Cheng

AU - Hu, Wei Ping

AU - Wang, Yu

AU - Wei, Wen Jun

AU - Wang, Yu Long

AU - Ji, Qing Hai

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - For the rare but aggressive insular thyroid carcinoma (ITC), there's no clear evidence to determine whether prophylactic central compartment neck dissection (CCND) is necessary for cN0 disease. This study provides the first evidence that treating cN0 ITC without prophylactic CCND is associated with decreased survival regardless of T staging and administration of RAI therapy. cher and Contributor ID) account on MTS. To register a linked ORCID account, please go to the Account Update page (http://mts.hindawi.com/update/) in our Manuscript Tracking System and after you have logged in click on the ORCID link at the top of the page. This link will take you to the ORCID website where you will be able to create an account for yourself. Once you have done so, your new ORCID will be saved in our Manuscript Tracking System automatically."Background. Regarding the rare but aggressive insular thyroid carcinoma (ITC), the value of prophylactic central compartment neck dissection (CCND) for clinically node-negative (cN0) disease is unclear. We aimed to provide the first evidence. Methods. N0 and pN1a ITC patients were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. These patients were divided into thyroid-surgery + CCND group (pN0/pN1a patients confirmed by CCND) and thyroid-surgery group (cN0 patients without CCND). Differences in overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) between the two groups were evaluated. Subgroup analyses were also conducted. Results. Of the overall 112 patients, 44 (39.3%) received CCND. On multivariate analyses, the lobectomy ± isthmusectomy/total-thyroidectomy (Lob/TT) group demonstrated poorer OS and DSS than the Lob/TT + CCND group (P<0.05). When we separately analyzed patients treated by TT, multivariate analyses showed the TT group still revealed compromised OS and DSS than the TT + CCND group (P<0.05). Furthermore, absence of CCND independently predicted decreased OS no matter whether radioactive iodine (RAI) was administered. Similar results were obtained for T3/T4 patients. Moreover, for T1/T2 patients receiving CCND, 0/12 died during the study period, while for T1/T2 patients without CCND, 8/23 (34.8%) died, 5/23 (21.7%) due to ITC. Conclusion. Regardless of T staging and RAI treatment, cN0-ITC patients without CCND had decreased survival compared with pN0/pN1a patients receiving CCND. Therefore, if a cN0 patient is diagnosed with ITC, prophylactic CCND may be considered as a secondary procedure (postoperatively diagnosed) or a primary procedure (preoperatively/intraoperatively diagnosed). Prospective studies are expected to validate the conclusion.

AB - For the rare but aggressive insular thyroid carcinoma (ITC), there's no clear evidence to determine whether prophylactic central compartment neck dissection (CCND) is necessary for cN0 disease. This study provides the first evidence that treating cN0 ITC without prophylactic CCND is associated with decreased survival regardless of T staging and administration of RAI therapy. cher and Contributor ID) account on MTS. To register a linked ORCID account, please go to the Account Update page (http://mts.hindawi.com/update/) in our Manuscript Tracking System and after you have logged in click on the ORCID link at the top of the page. This link will take you to the ORCID website where you will be able to create an account for yourself. Once you have done so, your new ORCID will be saved in our Manuscript Tracking System automatically."Background. Regarding the rare but aggressive insular thyroid carcinoma (ITC), the value of prophylactic central compartment neck dissection (CCND) for clinically node-negative (cN0) disease is unclear. We aimed to provide the first evidence. Methods. N0 and pN1a ITC patients were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. These patients were divided into thyroid-surgery + CCND group (pN0/pN1a patients confirmed by CCND) and thyroid-surgery group (cN0 patients without CCND). Differences in overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) between the two groups were evaluated. Subgroup analyses were also conducted. Results. Of the overall 112 patients, 44 (39.3%) received CCND. On multivariate analyses, the lobectomy ± isthmusectomy/total-thyroidectomy (Lob/TT) group demonstrated poorer OS and DSS than the Lob/TT + CCND group (P<0.05). When we separately analyzed patients treated by TT, multivariate analyses showed the TT group still revealed compromised OS and DSS than the TT + CCND group (P<0.05). Furthermore, absence of CCND independently predicted decreased OS no matter whether radioactive iodine (RAI) was administered. Similar results were obtained for T3/T4 patients. Moreover, for T1/T2 patients receiving CCND, 0/12 died during the study period, while for T1/T2 patients without CCND, 8/23 (34.8%) died, 5/23 (21.7%) due to ITC. Conclusion. Regardless of T staging and RAI treatment, cN0-ITC patients without CCND had decreased survival compared with pN0/pN1a patients receiving CCND. Therefore, if a cN0 patient is diagnosed with ITC, prophylactic CCND may be considered as a secondary procedure (postoperatively diagnosed) or a primary procedure (preoperatively/intraoperatively diagnosed). Prospective studies are expected to validate the conclusion.

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DO - 10.1155/2019/3078012

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JO - International Journal of Endocrinology

JF - International Journal of Endocrinology

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