Wnt-fzd signaling sensitizes peripheral sensory neurons via distinct noncanonical pathways

Manuela Simonetti, Nitin Agarwal, Sebastian Stösser, Kiran Kumar Bali, Emil Karaulanov, Rashmi Kamble, Blanka Pospisilova, Martina Kurejova, Walter Birchmeier, Christof Niehrs, Paul Heppenstall, Rohini Kuner

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    34 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Wnt signaling represents a highly versatile signaling system, which plays diverse and critical roles in various aspects of neural development. Sensory neurons of the dorsal root ganglia require Wnt signaling for initial cell-fate determination as well as patterning and synapse formation. Here we report that Wnt signaling pathways persist in adult sensory neurons and play a functional role in their sensitization in a pathophysiological context. We observed that Wnt3a recruits the Wnt-calcium signaling pathway and the Wnt planar cell polarity pathway in peripheral nerves to alter pain sensitivity in a modality-specific manner and we elucidated underlying mechanisms. In contrast, biochemical, pharmacological, and genetic studies revealed lack of functional relevance for the classical canonical β-catenin pathway in peripheral sensory neurons in acute modulation of nociception. Finally, this study provides proof-of-concept for a translational potential for Wnt3a-Frizzled3 signaling in alleviating disease-related pain hypersensitivity in cancer-associated pain invivo.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)104-121
    Number of pages18
    JournalNeuron
    Volume83
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2 2014

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuroscience(all)

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    Simonetti, M., Agarwal, N., Stösser, S., Bali, K. K., Karaulanov, E., Kamble, R., Pospisilova, B., Kurejova, M., Birchmeier, W., Niehrs, C., Heppenstall, P., & Kuner, R. (2014). Wnt-fzd signaling sensitizes peripheral sensory neurons via distinct noncanonical pathways. Neuron, 83(1), 104-121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2014.05.037