Cutaneous melanoma is the most malignant skin cancer. Biomarkers for stratifying patients at initial diagnosis and informing clinical decisions are highly sought after. Here we classified melanoma patients into three immune subtypes by single-sample gene-set enrichment analysis. We further identified a four-gene tumor immune-relevant (TIR) signature that was significantly associated with the overall survival of melanoma patients in The Cancer Genome Atlas cohort and in an independent validation cohort. Moreover, when applied to melanoma patients treated with the CTLA4 antibody, ipilimumab, the TIR signature could predict the response to ipilimumab and the survival. Notably, the predictive power of the TIR signature was higher than that of other biomarkers. The genes in this signature, SEL1L3, HAPLN3, BST2, and IFITM1, may be functionally involved in melanoma progression and immune response. These findings suggest that this four-gene signature has potential use in prognosis, risk assessment, and prediction of anti-CTLA4 response in melanoma patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Medicine (miscellaneous)