AACC Practical Recommendations for Implementing and Interpreting SARS-CoV-2 Emergency Use Authorization and Laboratory-Developed Test Serologic Testing in Clinical Laboratories

Y. Victoria Zhang, Joesph Wiencek, Qing H. Meng, Elitza S. Theel, Nikolina Babic, Lusia Sepiashvili, Nicole D. Pecora, Patricia Slev, Andrew Cameron, Danijela Konforte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The clinical laboratory continues to play a critical role in managing the coronavirus pandemic. Numerous US Food and Drug Administration emergency use authorization (EUA) and laboratory-developed test (LDT) serologic assays have become available. The performance characteristics of these assays and their clinical utility continue to be defined in real time during this pandemic. The AACC convened a panel of experts from clinical chemistry, microbiology, and immunology laboratories; the in vitro diagnostics industry; and regulatory agencies to provide practical recommendations for implementation and interpretation of these serologic tests in clinical laboratories. CONTENT: The currently available EUA serologic tests and platforms, information on assay design, antibody classes including neutralizing antibodies, and the humoral immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 are discussed. Verification and validation of EUA and LDT assays are described, along with a quality management approach. Four indications for serologic testing are outlined. Recommendations for result interpretation, reporting comments, and the role of orthogonal testing are also presented. SUMMARY: This document aims to provide a comprehensive reference for laboratory professionals and healthcare workers to appropriately implement SARS-CoV-2 serologic assays in the clinical laboratory and to interpret test results during this pandemic. Given the more frequent occurrence of outbreaks associated with either vector-borne or respiratory pathogens, this document will be a useful resource in planning for similar scenarios in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1188-1200
Number of pages13
JournalClinical chemistry
Volume67
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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