Accelerated Isotropic Multiparametric Imaging by High Spatial Resolution 3D-QALAS With Compressed Sensing: A Phantom, Volunteer, and Patient Study

Shohei Fujita, Akifumi Hagiwara, Naoyuki Takei, Ken Pin Hwang, Issei Fukunaga, Shimpei Kato, Christina Andica, Koji Kamagata, Kazumasa Yokoyama, Nobutaka Hattori, Osamu Abe, Shigeki Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to develop an accelerated multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging method based on 3D-quantification using an interleaved Look-Locker acquisition sequence with a T2 preparation pulse (3D-QALAS) combined with compressed sensing (CS) and to evaluate the effect of CS on the quantitative mapping, tissue segmentation, and quality of synthetic images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A magnetic resonance imaging system phantom, containing multiple compartments with standardized T1, T2, and proton density (PD) values; 10 healthy volunteers; and 12 patients with multiple sclerosis were scanned using the 3D-QALAS sequence with and without CS and conventional contrast-weighted imaging. The scan times of 3D-QALAS with and without CS were 5:56 and 11:11, respectively. For healthy volunteers, brain volumetry and myelin estimation were performed based on the measured T1, T2, and PD. For patients with multiple sclerosis, the mean T1, T2, PD, and the amount of myelin in plaques and contralateral normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) were measured. Simple linear regression analysis and Bland-Altman analysis were performed for each metric obtained from the datasets with and without CS. To compare overall image quality and structural delineations on synthetic and conventional contrast-weighted images, case-control randomized reading sessions were performed by 2 neuroradiologists in a blinded manner. RESULTS: The linearity of both phantom and volunteer measurements in T1, T2, and PD values obtained with and without CS was very strong (R2 = 0.9901-1.000). The tissue segmentation obtained with and without CS also had high linearity (R2 = 0.987-0.999). The quantitative tissue values of the plaques and NAWM obtained with CS showed high linearity with those without CS (R2 = 0.967-1.000). There were no significant differences in overall image quality between synthetic contrast-weighted images obtained with and without CS (P = 0.17-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Multiparametric imaging of the whole brain based on 3D-QALAS can be accelerated using CS while preserving tissue quantitative values, tissue segmentation, and quality of synthetic images.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)292-300
Number of pages9
JournalInvestigative radiology
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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