Addition of TLR9 agonist immunotherapy to radiation improves systemic antitumor activity

Ahmed I. Younes, Hampartsoum B. Barsoumian, Duygu Sezen, Vivek Verma, Roshal Patel, Mark Wasley, Yun Hu, Joe D. Dunn, Kewen He, Dawei Chen, Hari Menon, Fatemeh Masrorpour, Meidi Gu, Liangpeng Yang, Nahum Puebla-Osorio, Maria Angelica Cortez, James W. Welsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Radiotherapy (RT) has been used to control tumors by physically damaging DNA and inducing apoptosis; it also promotes antitumor immune responses via neoantigens release and augmenting immune-oncology agents to elicit systemic response. Tumor regression after RT can recruit inflammatory cells, such as tumor-associated macrophages and CD11b+ myeloid cell populations, a major subset of which may actually be immunosuppressive. However, these inflammatory cells also express Toll-like receptors (TLRs) that can be stimulated to reverse suppressive characteristics and promote systemic antitumor outcomes. Here, we investigated the effects of adding CMP-001, a CpG-A oligodeoxynucleotide TLR9 agonist delivered in a virus-like particle (VLP), to RT in two murine models (344SQ metastatic lung adenocarcinoma and CT26 colon carcinoma). High-dose RT (12Gy x 3 fractions) significantly increased the percentages of plasmacytoid dendritic cells within the tumor islets 3- and 5-days post-RT; adding CMP-001 after RT also enhanced adaptive immunity by increasing the proportion of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. RT plus CMP-001-mediated activation of the immune system led to significant inhibition of tumor growth at both primary and abscopal tumor sites, thereby suggesting a new combinatorial treatment strategy for systemic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100983
JournalTranslational Oncology
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Abscopal effect
  • CMP-001
  • Cancer
  • Radiotherapy
  • TLR9 agonist

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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