Characteristics of us adults attempting tobacco use cessation using e-cigarettes

Onyema Greg Chido-Amajuoyi, Dale Mantey, Sonia Cunningham, Robert Yu, Steven Kelder, Ernest Hawk, Paul Cinciripini, Sanjay Shete

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Use of e-cigarettes for tobacco cessation efforts is a growing trend in the United States. However, little is known about the factors that determine the use of e-cigarettes for this specific purpose. Methods: This study examined current and former cigarette smokers that reported ever using e-cigarettes. Data were obtained from a 2018 Texas population health assessment survey (n = 569) and weighted to be representative to Texas. A multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the socio-demographic and behavioral correlates of using e-cigarettes for tobacco cessation. Results: Overall, 41.3% of e-cigarette users reported using them for tobacco cessation. Among ever e-cigarette users, Non-Hispanic blacks (aOR: 0.21; 95% CI, 0.07–0.64), males (aOR: 0.40; 95% CI, 0.20–0.80), and individuals not confident in obtaining health information (aOR: 0.38; 95% CI, 0.15–0.96) were less likely to use e-cigarettes for tobacco use cessation. Conversely, among ever e-cigarette users, odds of using e-cigarettes for tobacco cessation were higher among those who were 35–44 years old (aOR: 3.68, 95% CI: 1.26–10.71), those who received advice to quit smoking from a healthcare professional (aOR: 2.77, 95% CI, 1.36–5.64), and those with more than 5 years since their last routine checkup (aOR: 3.91; 95% CI, 1.23–12.45). Conclusion: Findings from this study suggest that both health behaviors and sociodemographic factors predict use of e-cigarettes for the purpose of tobacco cessation. Furthermore, the relationship between use of e-cigarettes as a cessation device and being advised to quit tobacco use by a healthcare professional calls for additional investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106123
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume100
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Cessation
  • E-cigarette
  • Health behaviors
  • Sociodemographic
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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