Comparison of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and contrast-enhanced ultrasound for evaluation of the effects of sorafenib in a rat model of hepatocellular carcinoma

Nina M. Muñoz, Adeeb A. Minhaj, Kiersten L. Maldonado, Charles V. Kingsley, Andrea C. Cortes, Houra Taghavi, Urszula Polak, Jennifer M. Mitchell, Joe E. Ensor, James A. Bankson, Asif Rashid, Rony Avritscher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and Dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the assessment of changes in tissue vascularization as result of sorafenib treatment in a rat model of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: Male Buffalo rats with orthotopic liver tumors treated daily with 7.5 mg/kg sorafenib via oral gavage for 2 weeks (n = 9) were subject to DCE-MRI and CEUS 2 weeks after tumor implantation - right before treatment initiation - and also after treatment completion - right before tumor harvest. Untreated animals (n = 10) were used as control. Tumor tissue sections were stained for hematoxylin-eosin, pimonidazole, and CD34 for quantitative assessment of necrosis, hypoxia, and microvessel density (MVD), respectively. Results: Of all the DCE-MRI parameters that were evaluated, only volume transfer constant (Ktrans) measurements were significantly lower in sorafenib-treated tumors (0.18 vs 0.33 min−1, p < 0.01), indicating a substantial decrease in vascular permeability caused by the therapy. This reduction was associated with decreased MVD (3.9 vs 10.8% CD34+ cells, p < 0.01), higher tumor necrosis (31.9 vs 21.8%, p < 0.001) and hypoxia (19.7 vs 10.5% pimonidazole binding, p < 0.01). Moreover, statistical analysis demonstrate significant correlation of DCE-MRI Ktrans with histopathologic tissue necrosis (r = −0.537, p < 0.05) and MVD (r = 0.599, p < 0.05). Interestingly, none of the CEUS measurements were significantly different between the control and treatment groups, and did not show statistical correlation with any of the histopathological parameters assessed (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Sorafenib-induced reduction in vascular permeability in this preclinical model of HCC is detected more accurately through DCE-MRI than CEUS, and DCE-MRI parameters strongly correlate with histopathological changes in tissue vascularization and tissue necrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-164
Number of pages9
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume57
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Contrast-enhanced functional imaging
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Sorafenib
  • Tissue perfusion
  • Vascular permeability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and contrast-enhanced ultrasound for evaluation of the effects of sorafenib in a rat model of hepatocellular carcinoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this