### Abstract

Quantitative information on photon scattering around brachytherapy sources is needed to develop dose calculation formalisms capable of predicting dosimetric parameters with minimal empiricism. Photon absorption and scatter around brachytherapy sources can be characterized using the tissue attenuation factor, defined as the ratio of dose in water to water kerma in free space. In this study, the tissue attenuation factor along two major axes of a high dose rate (HDR) ^{192}Ir source was determined by TLD measurements and MCNP Monte Carlo calculations. A calculational method is also suggested to derive the tissue attenuation factor along the longitudinal source axis from the factor along the transverse axis, using published anisotropy data as input. TLD and Monte Carlo results agreed with each other for both source axes within the statistical uncertainty (~±5%) of Monte Carlo calculations. Comparison with published data, available only for the transverse source axis, also showed good agreement within ±5%. The Shape and magnitude of the tissue attenuation factor are found to be remarkably different between the two axes. The tissue attenuation factor reaches a maximum value of about 1.4 at 8 cm from the source along the longitudinal source axis, while a maximum value of about 1.04 occurs at 3-4 cm from the source along the transverse axis. The calculated tissue attenuation factor along the longitudinal source axis generally reproduced the TLD and Monte Carlo results within ±5% at most radial distances.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 1492-1497 |

Number of pages | 6 |

Journal | Medical physics |

Volume | 26 |

Issue number | 8 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Aug 1999 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- HDR Ir source
- Monte Carlo calculation
- TLD
- Tissue attenuation factor

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Biophysics
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

### Cite this

^{192}Ir source.

*Medical physics*,

*26*(8), 1492-1497. https://doi.org/10.1118/1.598678

**Determination of the tissue attenuation factor along two major axes of a high dose rate (HDR) ^{192}Ir source.** / Cho, Sang Hyun; Muller-Runkel, Renate; Hanson, William F.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

^{192}Ir source',

*Medical physics*, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1492-1497. https://doi.org/10.1118/1.598678

^{192}Ir source. Medical physics. 1999 Aug;26(8):1492-1497. https://doi.org/10.1118/1.598678

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Determination of the tissue attenuation factor along two major axes of a high dose rate (HDR) 192Ir source

AU - Cho, Sang Hyun

AU - Muller-Runkel, Renate

AU - Hanson, William F.

PY - 1999/8

Y1 - 1999/8

N2 - Quantitative information on photon scattering around brachytherapy sources is needed to develop dose calculation formalisms capable of predicting dosimetric parameters with minimal empiricism. Photon absorption and scatter around brachytherapy sources can be characterized using the tissue attenuation factor, defined as the ratio of dose in water to water kerma in free space. In this study, the tissue attenuation factor along two major axes of a high dose rate (HDR) 192Ir source was determined by TLD measurements and MCNP Monte Carlo calculations. A calculational method is also suggested to derive the tissue attenuation factor along the longitudinal source axis from the factor along the transverse axis, using published anisotropy data as input. TLD and Monte Carlo results agreed with each other for both source axes within the statistical uncertainty (~±5%) of Monte Carlo calculations. Comparison with published data, available only for the transverse source axis, also showed good agreement within ±5%. The Shape and magnitude of the tissue attenuation factor are found to be remarkably different between the two axes. The tissue attenuation factor reaches a maximum value of about 1.4 at 8 cm from the source along the longitudinal source axis, while a maximum value of about 1.04 occurs at 3-4 cm from the source along the transverse axis. The calculated tissue attenuation factor along the longitudinal source axis generally reproduced the TLD and Monte Carlo results within ±5% at most radial distances.

AB - Quantitative information on photon scattering around brachytherapy sources is needed to develop dose calculation formalisms capable of predicting dosimetric parameters with minimal empiricism. Photon absorption and scatter around brachytherapy sources can be characterized using the tissue attenuation factor, defined as the ratio of dose in water to water kerma in free space. In this study, the tissue attenuation factor along two major axes of a high dose rate (HDR) 192Ir source was determined by TLD measurements and MCNP Monte Carlo calculations. A calculational method is also suggested to derive the tissue attenuation factor along the longitudinal source axis from the factor along the transverse axis, using published anisotropy data as input. TLD and Monte Carlo results agreed with each other for both source axes within the statistical uncertainty (~±5%) of Monte Carlo calculations. Comparison with published data, available only for the transverse source axis, also showed good agreement within ±5%. The Shape and magnitude of the tissue attenuation factor are found to be remarkably different between the two axes. The tissue attenuation factor reaches a maximum value of about 1.4 at 8 cm from the source along the longitudinal source axis, while a maximum value of about 1.04 occurs at 3-4 cm from the source along the transverse axis. The calculated tissue attenuation factor along the longitudinal source axis generally reproduced the TLD and Monte Carlo results within ±5% at most radial distances.

KW - HDR Ir source

KW - Monte Carlo calculation

KW - TLD

KW - Tissue attenuation factor

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0344132631&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0344132631&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1118/1.598678

DO - 10.1118/1.598678

M3 - Article

C2 - 10501048

AN - SCOPUS:0344132631

VL - 26

SP - 1492

EP - 1497

JO - Medical Physics

JF - Medical Physics

SN - 0094-2405

IS - 8

ER -