Liver transplant in patients with prior nonhepatic cancer is a matter of concern, needing further research, development, and consensus guidelines. This International Liver Transplantation Society/Sociedad Española De Trasplante Hepático consensus conference document focuses on the role of liver transplantation in patients with a prior history of nonhepatic cancer. This document addresses (1) the evaluation of transplant candidates with prior cancers based on the assessment of prognosis, the natural history of individual cancers, and the emerging role for circulating DNA and minimal residual disease in these patients; (2) the impact of prior treatments, including immunotherapy for prior malignancies; and (3) the surveillance of posttransplant cancer recurrence. The consensus statement is based on previously published guidelines, as well as a review of the current, relevant, published literature.
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